What is Computer Fundamentals


What is Computer Fundamentals:: It can be described as the learning or studying some basic functions of computers starting from their origin to the modern day

Study of basic computer types to their characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages are included in the Learning of fundamentals of computers.

Before Shifting to advance computer knowledge it is highly recommended to be aware of this topic thoroughly as it would make you more confident and comfortable while acquiring more advanced computer skills.

A Computer can be defined or described as a machine or device which can work with information such as to store, retrieve, manipulate, and process data.

The term computer is derived from the word "computare".

The word is derived from a “Latin” word which means to calculate.

Therefore computer can be further defined as a programmable machine that is used for some numerical calculations.

Some years back these devices | machines were used only for the purpose of calculations but presently they are widely and proudly used in all sections of human society.

What is Computer Fundamentals
What is Computer Fundamentals

Modern Computers are incredibly advanced thanks to the new up-gradation and enhancement of technologies.

They can store huge amounts of data in the internal as well as external storage units. Computer Hard disk is the external source of storing data.

These days computer speed has dramatically increased the work or task which used to take long hours to perform can be done in few seconds this is because of the rapid development in the IT [Information Technology] sector especially in the computer hardware section

The Computer peripherals and devices manufactured these days are of highest quality with affordable price.

The technology has made these devices to perform more speedily than ever before also this is the important characteristics of computer system which made them very famous and a part of human lives.

It has also been observed that the life of modern peripherals and devices has been extended due to the excellent quality of raw material used while preparations of these devices.

For example the warranty a hard disk drive is up to 2 to 5 yrs.

The Speed of computer mainly and primarily depends upon some factors such as What type of motherboard you are using, Processor Speed and RAM [Random Access Memory].

Motherboard:: Computer Motherboard is designed on a piece of PCB Which is called a Printed Circuit Board where all other components are attached to it such as hard disk, processor, ram, etc.

Processor:: Processor is again called as CPU which stands for central Processing Unit.

It is also called as Heart | Brain of Computer System.

RAM:: RAM stands for Random Access Memory which is temporary storage medium and its volatile memory.

They tend to lose data when power is off.

However, the speed of the computer depends upon ram as well.

You can install more capacity of ram to increase your computer speed but firstly you have to check the compatibility factors of motherboards and other components or the device.

Hard Disk:: This is a permanent storage unit of a computer which can store data in high volume and also you can retrieve data whenever and wherever you need.

This HDD available in market in huge data storing capacity.

Basic Fundamental Functions of Computer

There are mainly four common functions of computer system
  • Input
  • Output
  • Processing
  • Storage

Input:: The Computer receives its data from input devices in the form of raw data and later this data is processed in human-readable form with the help of other computer devices.
The primary input devices of computer system are

  • Keyboard
  • Mouse
  • Scanner
  • Trackball
  • Light Pen
  • Joystick

Output :: The output devices of computer receive data from the system and further process the data in human-readable form.

Some common output devices are::
  • Printers
  • Monitors
  • Speakers
  • Headphones
  • Projectors

Processing:: This is the core function of the modern-day Personal Computer.

When the data is received from the memory it transfers the data or information for further processing.

Storage:: There are mainly two storage unit of the personal computer [PC]

  • Primary Storage
  • Secondary Storage

Primary Storage:: Random Access Memory [RAM] is the primary storage unit of computers.

Secondary Storage:: Hard Disk Drives and Pen drives are called as secondary Storage units.

Why Computer Fundamental is Important?

To learn and operate computer system one should be aware of basic computer knowledge and fundamentals of computer.

The skills learned in this course can be applied in almost any environment where there is a need for computer support or technical assistance.

Computer Fundamental is important because it gives you a foundation for understanding computer science and programming.

It also helps you understand how computers work, which can help you design programs or build websites.

The basic of computer helps you to understand basic functionality of computer, their working, data handling, memory management, communication over networks.

You can also acquire basic knowledge in playing with hard disk, like the folder and file structure.

The computer programming and building websites and software can be made easy when the foundation of student is strong.

Learning computer fundamentals and basic of computer is extremely important as it built the foundation for a beginner.

The solid foundation will eventually help you to become a pro user.

Some common skills to acquire while learning computer fundamentals are.
  1. Software Installation.
  2. Using Common Applications.
  3. Spreadsheets.
  4. Word Processing.
  5. Using and Accessing Internet.
  6. Social Media Websites.
  7. MS -Office.
  8. Technical Assistant With the help of Google.

The learning of computer fundamentals will increase your basic skills and knowledge and make your more advanced user than before and eventually make you a master.

What Topics Does Computer Fundamentals Covers?

#Computer Basics
0What is Computer Fundamentals
1 Input Devices of Computer System
2 Output Devices of Computer
3Different Types of Computer
4What is a Computer Virus & Their Types
5What is Computer Hardware and Software 
6What is a Computer Memory Definition and Their Types
7Explanation on What is a Computer 
8What is CPU in Computer
9What is Printer and Different Types of Printer
10What is a Supercomputer and its Uses
11Different Types of Pointing Devices
12Basic Structure of Computers 
13Characteristics of Computer
14Classification of Computer System
15Functions of Computer
16Five Generations of Computer
17History of Computers
18Advantages and Disadvantages of Computer System
19Block Diagram of Computer
20Uses of Computer in Different Fields
21Five Basic Components of Computer
22Advantages of Internet in Points
23Disadvantages of Internet in Points
24Advantages and Disadvantages of Mobile Phone
2510 Limitations of Computer 
264 Functions of Primary Memory
27Different Types of Secondary Memory
2810 Uses of Multimedia
29What are the Importance of Number System 
30What are the Different Types of Floppy Disk
3110 Applications of SMPS in Power Supply
32Smallest Unit of Computer Memory Storage
3310 Basic Parts of a Computer
34What are the Essential Attributes of Good Software
35What is the Evaluation of Information System?
36What is Computer Coding System
375 Components of Data Communications
38Processing Devices of Computer
398 Different Types of Scanners
40Functions of BIOS in Computer
41Explain 6 Classification of Computer
Operating System
415 Component of Operating System
42What is Operating System and Its Different Types?
Computer Motherboards
43What is Motherboard | Definition Uses and Functions
44Computer Motherboard And Their Different Types
45Different Types of Motherboard Form Factors
46How To identify What Motherboard Do I Have with Pictures
MS DOS
47What is Disk Operating System [DOS]
48What are Basic Dos Commands? [Internal And External]
49How To Make A Batch File Using Dos Commands
50What is a Wild Card? and How to Use Them
5112+ Advantages and Disadvantages of Dos
Computer Peripherals
52What Is DVD [Digital Versatile Disk]
53What is Hard Disk? Definition Uses and Functions
54What is Pen Drive? Definition Functions and Uses
55Different Types of Plotter
5610 Characteristics of Plotter
Computer Networking
576+ Advantages and Disadvantages of Application Server
5810 Features of Ring Topology
5915+ Advantages and Disadvantages of Mesh Topology
60 Block Diagram of Optical Communication System
61What is Guided Transmission Media
62Different Types of Switching
63Advantages and Disadvantages of DNS
6411 Advantages and Disadvantages of MAN
65Characteristics of WAN in Computer
6610 Advantages and Disadvantages of WAN
67Characteristics of MAN in Computer
68Advantages and Disadvantages of LAN {Local Area Network}
69Advantages and Disadvantages of Tree Topology
70Functions of Bridge in Networking
71Applications of Ring Topology in Computer Network
72Features of Star Topology in Computer Networks
73Star Topology Networking in Computer.
74Advantages and Disadvantages of Star Topology
7510 Applications of Star Topology in Real Life
Computer Fundamentals Topics

Computer Fundamentals Full Course Syllabus Download PDF

What are the Five Basic Computer Skills?

  1. Typing.
  2. Communications.
  3. Using Spreadsheets, and word processing documents.
  4. Computer Programming.
  5. Image Editing, and Online Research.
  6. Online Shopping and Online Trading.

How Many Computer Fundamentals are There?

There are three types of computer fundamentals
  1. Arithmetic and Logic Unit.
  2. Control Unit.
  3. Central Processing Unit [CPU]

What are the Four Basic Functions of Computer?

There are four basic functions of the computer:
  1. Input.
  2. Output.
  3. Processing.
  4. Storage.
Functions of Computer
Functions of Computer

What are the 6 Qualities of a Computer?

The 6 qualities of computer system are.
  1. Maintainability.
  2. Correctness.
  3. Reusability.
  4. Reliability.
  5. Portability.
  6. Efficiency.

What are the 10 Features of Computer?

The 10 features of computer system are mentioned below.
  1. Speed.
  2. Accuracy.
  3. Versatility.
  4. Diligence.
  5. Storage.
  6. Reliability.
  7. Automation.
  8. Consistency.
  9. Memory.
  10. Power of Remembrance.

What are the Different Parts of Computer?

11 different parts of computer system are mentioned below.
  1. Central Processing Unit | Processor | CPU.
  2. Motherboard.
  3. RAM [Random Access Memory].
  4. Hard Disk Drives | SSD [Solid State Drives].
  5. Switching Mode Power Supply [SMPS].
  6. DVD RW.
  7. Cabinet | Case.
  8. Processor Fan.
  9. Monitor.
  10. Keyboard
  11. Mouse.

5 Generations of Computer System

#Computer GenerationUsedLanguageExamples
1First GenerationVacuum TubesMachine LanguageENIAC:: Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer.
EDVAC:: Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer
UNIVAC 1:: Universal Automatic Computer 1
2Second GenerationTransistorFORTRAN AND COBOLIBM 7030/7094
Honeywell 400 Philco
3Third GenerationSemiconductorFORTRAN, COBOL, PASCAL, BASIC, C, C++, DBASEPDP8, IBM360, PDP11.
4Fourth GenerationMicroprocessorC and C++, Java, Net,Intel Pentium
AMD
Apple II
5Fifth GenerationArtificial IntelligencePrologPARAM 10000
INTEL IPSC-1

Generations of Computer System

Computer GenerationYearInventorUsed
First Generation Computer1946-1959J.P.Eckert and J.W. MauchlyVacuum Tubes and Magnetic Drum .
Second Generation Computer1908-1991Walter H. Brattain, John Bardeen, and William BTransistor
Third Generation Computer1958Jack KilbyIntegrated Circuit (I.C.)
Fourth Generation Computer1971Federico FagginMicroprocessor [CPU]
Fifth Generation Computer1955John McCarthyArtificial Intelligence.

10 Uses of Computer System

Uses of computers
Uses of computers
  1. Home.
  2. Medical Field.
  3. Online Trading.
  4. Online Education.
  5. Research.
  6. Entertainment.
  7. Industry.
  8. Education.
  9. Government.
  10. Banking.
  11. Business.

Different Types of Computer

The overall development of computer has reached to new heights due to vast improvement in modern technology.

The fundamentals of computers have changed rapidly. They are categorized into four different types according to their speed, size, capabilities, and cost.

  • Super Computer
  • Mainframe
  • Mini
  • Micro
Classification of Computer According to Size and Application
Classification of Computer According to Size and Application

Super:: They are the fastest and most expensive computers compared to others. They require huge space for their installation.

Mainframe:: They are not as fast as supercomputers and require huge space for installation also they are very expensive.

Mini:: They are smaller, cheaper, and slower compared to super and mainframe computers.

Micro:: They are called as Personal computer [PC].

Advantages of Computers

Nowadays computers are playing a vital role in the development of the human society they are making workload as easy efficient and fast you would not have imagined before.

If you ask me what is the basic fundamental advantage of the computer. I will say its role in studying.

The Students can learn literally anything on the computer with internet connectivity from science to philosophy and acquire necessary skills from online platforms to build their professional career.

Use of modern day computer in studying has changed the style and learning methods of students people don’t want to waste their time in searching for good coaching classes in their town they prefer online study where they can get quality education with online certificates and even degrees.

Students can learn online with their own convenience.

The study material is in the form of digital medium such as PDF, DOC, images, info-graphics, and video format for better understanding.

Below I have mentioned some of the basic advantages of Computer
  • Online Education
  • Business
  • Speed
  • Accuracy
  • Online Education
  • Military
  • Research

Disadvantages of Computer System

As there are numerous advantage of using modern day personal computer there are disadvantages too.

  • Spread of Pornography
  • Hate & Violence Related Articles
  • Cyber Crimes
  • Negative Effect on Health

Computer Software and Hardware

The computer software can be described as a collection of small programs that are programmed in such a way which are capable of performing specific and special task whenever desired.

These types of software are developed by computer programmers or software developers which takes care of users needs and intent. There are mainly two types of software::

  • System Software
  • Application Software

System Software:: These are the software that directly interacts with the computer system. The primary examples are Operating systems [OS] and device drivers.

Application Software:: These are also called as customized software which is developed for personal use or developed for customers to perform some specific task.

Example:: Tally, Ms-office, ERP Software's.

Frequently Asked Questions [FAQs] on Computer Fundamentals

Who is the Father of Computer?

Charles Benjamin Babbage is known as ”Father of Computers”.

What is the Meaning of Fundamentals of Computer?

The computer system is an electronic device that can process huge amount of data and information.

They are capable of deriving expected result with amazing speed and incredible accuracy.

The computers are also capable of storing and accessing huge amount of data and information almost permanently.

Fundamentals of computer syllabus include study of input, output, motherboard, memory and networking.

What are the Uses of Computer?

·  Online Shopping.
·  Online Education | Online Tutoring.
·  Entertainment.
·  Research.
·  Banking.
·  Business.
. Online Trading.

Who Built the First Computer?

The first computer was built by John W. Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert at the University of Pennsylvania and named it ENIAC (Electrical Numerical Integrator and Calculator).

What are the 5 Basics of a Computer?

The five basics of computer system are:

1.  Input.
2.  Output.
3.  Control Unit.
4.  Memory Unit.
5.  Arithmetic and Logical Unit.

What are the 5 Parts of CPU?

1. Arithmetic & Logic Unit
2. Control Unit.
3. Register.
4. Buses.
5. Cache.

4 Components of Computer Fundamentals?

• Input Unit.
• Output Unit.
• Memory Unit.
• Control Unit.
• Arithmetical and Logical Unit.

Get In Touch

I have also written and compiled some articles on computers and telecommunications, and please go through them.

I hope you will like reading it.

All the questions and queries related to the What is Computer Fundamentals with the basics are answered here.
If you have any questions about Computer Basic.

Don’t hesitate to contact me, and if you feel to add, remove or update anything from the article, please let me know in the comment section or via email.

I will be more than happy to update the article. I am always ready to correct myself.

Please share this article with your friends and colleagues; this motivates me to write more related topics.

!!! Thank You !!!


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