13 Advantages and Disadvantages of Keyboards in Computer | Benefits and Drawbacks of Keyboards


The computer keyboards are considered to be the most used input device of computer. The keyboard is also an essential peripheral device of computer. There are several silent features of keyboards as there are two sides of coins, there are advantages and disadvantages of keyboards which we will see with their uses, types and examples.

What is Keyboard in Computer System?

The computer keyboards are input devices that enter data in the form of text or numbers into a computer and other devices.

The keyboard keys are flat and smaller in size, while pressing them prints exactly the same alphabet, number, or special character.

The same switches used for typing keyboards can also be used to perform different operations on a computer.

When “a” is typed on any text editor, the output can see as “a”, but when a is pressed with a ctrl key present on the keyboard, it will select the entire document on the text editor.

The keyboards can be easily connected with the laptops and desktop computer as it uses USB {Universal Serial Bus} Port for connectivity.

Some of the systems can connect to the keyboard using Bluetooth, Wireless.

The keyboard comes in different types, but they are further differentiated because of the arrangement of their keys and positions.

These keyboard types include QWERTY, AZERTY and DVORAK.
QWERTY keyboard: 

If you view only the key letters on your keyboard and read them from left to right, it looks like this: Q-W-E-R-T-Y and this mode are called QWERTY.

Before, keyboards were used with ABCD in a sequence, but when the QWERTY keyboard was introduced, it eventually increased the typing speed.

The QWERTY keyboard was designed and developed by Christopher Latham Sholes it is considered that this is the most used keyboard worldwide.
AZERTY keyboard: 

This is a French QWERTY version of keyboard that had Q swapped for W and A swapped for Z. The difference between QWERTY and AZERTY is L is on the left side of M.

DVORAK keyboard: 

The DVORAK keyboard was introduced in 1930 as an input device for the computer system to increase typing efficiency, speed and decrease typing errors.

It was introduced by August, and William Dealey in 1936 main intention was to place the most used keys at the middle of the keyword to help in faster typing with accuracy.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Keyboards With Infographic

Advantages and Disadvantages of Keyboards
Advantages and Disadvantages of Keyboards

Benefits and Advantages of Keyboard

  • Keyboards are primary input devices that enable us to create word processing or data entry documents.
  • If you have a slow typing speed, then you can use a keyboard shortcut key to make typing easier.
  • You can choose among different types of keyboards to make your life easier, such as AGRONOMIC keyboard and MULTIMEDIA keyboard.
  • The keyboards are inexpensive.
  • They are compact in size.
  • They are highly portable.
  • They are easy to clean and handle.
  • They are easily and readily available in market.
  • The keyboards are most used computer peripheral device.
  • Keyboards help us to use shortcut keys for faster processing of operations.
  • The keyboards can be easily connected to computer system with the help of USB, Wireless, Bluetooth, etc.
  • They are available in different shapes, sizes and are relatively compact.
  • They are efficient and durable.

Drawbacks and Disadvantages of Keyboard

  • It is not possible to make diagrams or charts with the keyboard.
  • If not properly used they get damaged easily.
  • Some keys which are often used get damaged soon.
  • Mathematical equations are hard to enter.
  • Keyboards are slow in operating compared to mouse.
  • Built in keyboards gets damaged easily.
  • Keyboard of laptops are hard to replace, as it is in compact design therefore need professional guidance and help.

What are the 7 Special keys in Keyboard?

Special keys in Keyboard
Special keys in Keyboard
In keyboard keys are divided into five different types.
Alphanumeric keys:

The alphanumeric keys are used in data entry where character from [A-Z] [a-z], numbers [0-9] and special characters like {(!, @, #, $, %, *, &, *) } are commonly used while typing.

In the keyboard, the numeric keys are available on both sides of keyboard such as extreme right side of the keyboard and secondly upper side of alphabetic keys.

The numeric keys are with combination to special characters can be used with combination of shift key.

Numeric keys:

The number keys 0-9 are located just above the alphabet keys on the keyboard. There are number keys on the right side of the keyboard that resemble the numeric keypad.

In addition to the number keys, there is a NUM LOCK above the numeric keypad, which is used to turn on or off the numbers keys and is distinguished by the green color above it.

In the case of NUM LOCK being off, there are no number keys, and in the case of it being on, all keys on numeric keypad appear.

Function keys:

On the top of every keyboard there is a F1 to F12 function key set which is used to perform different functions that are intended to work with our operating system and in accordance with the programs that are currently running.

Special keys:

A special key in computer system is used to perform important also designed to perform special task to obtain desired results.

A special key in a computer system are Ctrl key, Alt key, Enter key, and Esc key.
Navigation keys:

Navigation keys are used to move the cursor from one place to another on a computer screen.

The arrows which are present on the keyboard are called “Navigation Keys”.

The left arrow moves the pointer to the left side; the right arrow moves the pointer right side and so on.

These navigation keys are very important and vital when playing games or moving pointer from one location to another in documents and spreadsheets.

Different Types of Computer Keyboard

Types of Keyboard
Mechanical keyboard:

The mechanical keyboard consist of a spring under keys when pressed makes a sound just like old typewriters.

These keys are really soft and everlasting also very durable and comfortable.

These keyboards are widely used in the field of data entry or typing jobs as they are highly conducive. They are also used in playing games.

Ergonomic keyboard:

Ergonomic keyboard is a special type of keyboard which is built by looking work of the consumer which is more comfortable and easy to use and from which do not have pain in hand.

These types of keyboards are expensive and not readily available in the market. Ergonomic keyboards are special types of keyboards that are designed and developed for users who tend to type for long hours.

Gaming keyboard:

The gaming keyboards are designed and developed for the sole purpose of game lovers, they are specially made to play video games.

They are very attractive which consists of special keys for gamers.

Wireless keyboard:

A wireless keyboard is plug_and_play. It does not contain any wire. It can be connected to computer system with the help of Bluetooth radio frequency and infrared.

They are easily available in the market and can connect from 30 feet or 9 meters.

The wireless keyboard has a battery which is signal receivers and can send commands to the computer, it is small in size and light in weight. 

Laptop keyboard:

 Laptop keyboards are designed to fit in the size of the laptop this is like QWERTY keyboard the layout of this keyboard is little different there is no numeric keypad are present in it if you using the desktop keyboard then you have to face some problem to using it because the key of the laptop is close to each other in laptop, there are extra key are present which are used for a different purpose.

1Mechanical keyboard
2Ergonomic keyboard
3 Gaming keyboard
4Wireless keyboard
5Laptop keyboard

Full Form of Keyboard

AA to Z
Related Articles

5 Uses of Keyboard

  1. The keyboard is an input device used to enter data and information to the computer system. Keyboards are handy while programming and coding.
  2. They are used to type special characters.
  3. They are very beneficial when special keys are used.
  4. They are used in malls and shops for faster calculations as it present numerical keypads.
  5. Keyboards are also used to mix songs and edit videos using special application software that is heavily customized for editing purposes.

How Many Keys are in Keyboard?

The normal keyboard contains 101, 102, 105 or 108 keys.

The number of keys has increased in the last few years due to the introduction of multimedia keys used in playing videos and audios.

Frequently Asked Questions {FAQs}

What is the Main Function of keyboard?

The keyboard is an prime example of computer input device and it is well known for entering data and information to computer system.

Which is the Most Important key on the keyboard?

All the keys are important on the keyboard. While performing certain tasks and operation users needs every key on the keyboard to function properly.

What are the 5 Function of keyboard?

Entering Numeric Keys, Shortcut Keys, Entering Numbers, Special keys, Functions Keys.

Most Expensive Keyboard of all Time?

The most expensive keyboard is Happy Hacking Keyboard Professional HP worth of $4,240.

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I have also written and compiled some articles on computers and telecommunications, and please go through them.

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