5 Component of Operating System in Computer System with Types and Characteristics


The operating system is the most important and crucial system software of computer system, all the major Components of Operating System plays a vital role in the functionality and usability of system to derived human readable and accurate outputs.

The operating system is a software which provides an user friendly interface for the user to interact with computer system.

This operating system interacts with hardware and other applications and utility software’s to perform some special and specific tasks and operations which are needed for better functionality.

This operating system is a means of communication between users and computer system.

What is Operating System in Computer System?

Operating System is system software which is also known as OS.

Basically, it is a group of programs in which there are a lot of programs and numerous set of instructions.

These programs and instructions are built in for better functionality and usability.

Operating systems are the main software used to run other software applications such as VLC Player, Photoshop, MS Office, and other applications and utility software’s.

The operating system takes input from the keyboard, mouse, microphone, etc., and displays it on the screen in coordination with the hardware devices.

It coordinates with the computer hardware and communicates with them. In simple language the computer understands user language and the user understands computer language.

As they understand set of instructions given to them it is easy establish communication between them.

The operating system also provides us with GUI (Graphical User Interface), which makes us use the computer much easier since all the menus, icons, bars, and buttons are arranged systematically and in proper conventional order.

With its help, you can give commands because every command has a code.

Whenever you want to check out a movie on your computer, double click on it, and your operating system will act upon it by taking input, and the movie will be played with the use of any media player immediately.

As a result, to play a movie, they establish consistency with the help of software and hardware, such as VLC player, speakers, volume buttons, and controls.

Your movie will display all of this by managing your software and hardware work.

What are the 5 Components of Operating System?

Process Management

Some programs are being executed that are known as processes, for example, one user shared program, such as a compiler, other word processors that are run by a personal computer, and tasks that send output to the printer.

The neutral state is the output that is not processed independently.

There is a type of process management in which several processes run simultaneously, such as Google, which has many processes running simultaneously.

It is managed by management; all of these processes are run by management.

Main Memory Management

The main memory consists of many bytes group, each having its address data that can be accessed by the main memory input and output devices and the CPU.

File Management (Secondary Storage Management):

Collection of files or their sequence in Bit, Byte, Line, and Record, and operating system storage media are arranged file by file to manage operations differently.

  • Create new file
  • Delete a file
  • Rename File
  • Copy file
Input / Output Management

Operation relations between inputs and outputs are the main responsibility of the Operating System.

The work that the user gives is accepted, and the output that the user gives is displayed on the output screen.

I/O Device Management

The input/ output devices are the important component as well as crucial feature of any operating system.

The main features of the I/O device management are as follows.

  • Buffers caching system.
  • Device drivers code are made available.
  • Drivers are available for certain devices.
  • Also helps in knowing particular features of a device.
Security Management

The operating system is primarily responsible for all task and activities happen in the computer system.

It controls computer hardware and software according to the input given by user to further processing to present the desired output.

When you switch on the computer, it asks you for username and password and identification of your information for security management.

They provide an address for every data and process to use hardware by the address limit; by this way, the computer secures information of you and your hardware and software.

#Components of Operating System
1Process Management
2Main Memory Management
3Security Management
4Input / Output Management
5Secondary Storage Management.

5 Components of Operating System With Image

Components of Operating System
Components of Operating System

What are the Main Components of Windows Operating System?

Title Bar: The top strip diagram of the window shows the program’s name and files.

Control Button: Within the title bar, a Control box contains three buttons.

Minimize: Clicking on this button on the window will bring up a small taskbar, resulting in no more space on the screen and running other programs.

Maximize Restore: If you click on this button, the screen will grow to its maximum size, or if you click on the restore button, the window will grow to its original size and position.

Close: Clicking on this button closes the currently open windows.

Menu Bar: There is a menu to control the application window on the title bar. Each menu has a different command by which the application window does its work.

To open any menu, you can click on it by mouse or alt to click on the menu under the underline.

Tool Bar: There is an icon called tolls on this bar, and it is a command shortcut. It is in the menu bar.

Scroll Bar: It is used for scrolling page up-down; this is of two types.

Horizontal: left to right

Vertical: up to down

Status Bar: This is the bottom size of the bar window, showing the cursor and where the program is.

Text Bar: This is a rectangular box; when clicking on it cursor will blink by which we write any text.

Check Box: This is the small box. It is independent of whether a user clicks it right or wrong.

Options Button: In addition to the radio button, this is also known as the options button. We select one button as a circular shape.

Command Button: A rectangular-shaped button is used for quick commands, such as ok and cancel.

List Box: This rectangular box is seen as a chosen list on which we select only one option.

Dropdown List Box: This is shown as text boxes by his right side; there is sin by click, and then the list is open any one of the options we choose.

Operating System with Launched Date and Owner

#Operating SystemLaunched DateOwner
1Windows 951995Microsoft
2Windows 981998Microsoft
3Windows Me2000Microsoft
4Windows XP2001Microsoft
5Windows 72009Microsoft
6Windows 82012Microsoft
7Windows 102015Microsoft
8LINUX1991Open Source
9UNIX1971The Open Group

Different Types of Operating System

Batch Operating System

This is used in second-generation computer operating systems is Batch Operating System.

There is no interaction between the end-user and computer for any input data for process in the computer we create in the job.

This job means, from program input data and all instruction written already in bundle form.

When with the help of punch card job is input on that time in the form of input device punch card system was used.

For processing jobs in the computer, there is an operating system.

All the same jobs and one language written in FORTRAN and Cobol are converted in one batch and likely same used job, and others are in a particular job.

That batch input in the system (CPU) in that batch at one time one job was complete after the complete first job they are ready to process next job like that other job has processed this process was known as Spooling.

From the system, all jobs are completed then we see the output.     

Multiprogramming System

When in computer memory more than one process is executed, it is called Multiprogramming.

when any process run in the computer, it needs CPU time as well as input/output time when I/O create some new in which there is no need for CPU at that time.

CPU make a context switch on behalf of CPYU is in idle state and main memory going to process next step.

The CPU is not empty by this processing, and all the other is waiting for execution.

Multitasking Operating System

In Multitasking, there is the concept of Multiprogramming, but a time-sharing process is also included with this process.

In Multitasking operating system, every process has a fixed time for execution. 

Distributed System

When too many are connected in a system through a network, task sharing is known as the Distribution system.

Network Operating System

In this operating system, there is one server from which other clients are connected with a computer; Network Operating System, with the help of the server, there is sharing of data, security, application, and they manage other networking system.

Real-Time Operating System: CPU response time was important; this type of OS works in real-time.

That means for process input and its output at their processing time is very important; this is called response time.

Time-Sharing Operating System

In this Time Sharing Operating System, every process for execution is given a fixed time.

When a system is connected with many users, everyone wants to use CPU; they share time means if one user needs two seconds for processing one system after two seconds, it is ready for the second user likely this system was run.

Multiprocessing System

Most computer systems work in one processor means one CPU, but in Multiprocessing operating system uses multiple processors, and in this system, some parallel processors work.

Basic Functions of Operating System

  • The operating system is responsible for managing the memory and files of a computer system.
  • The operating system is also called a resource manager. They are capable of any conflict between two users.
  • They are capable of sharing resources and files.
  • The Operating system works as intermediate or bridge between user and computer.
  • User Software needs which hardware they allocate all.

Basic Characteristics of Operating System

It secures information and stores personal data in the system. Form a secure system; provide a strong authorized key with this key system protected by malware system.

OS protects the system by password; the first user wants to give a password to log in to the system and then access all files in the system.

Whenever some unknown was open file OS ask him password by this way operating system protect computer data.

Related Articles

Frequently Asked Questions [FAQs]

What are the 5 Types of Operating System?

Batch Operating System
Time-Sharing Operating Systems
Distributed Operating System
Network Operating System
Real-Time Operating System

Types of Popular Mobile Operating System

Android OS.
Blackberry OS.
Apple iOS.
Symbian OS.
Harmony OS.
Palm OS.

What is the Market Share of Windows Operating System?

The microsoft windows is the most popular operating system and share 70% of the market share.

Kali Linux Called as?

Kali Linux is an open source also known as Backtract Linux.

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