Advantages and Disadvantages of Tree Topology | Drawbacks and Benefits of Tree Topology

Introduction to Tree Topology
In today’s post, we are going to learn and discuss briefly about 7 advantages and disadvantages of tree topology in computer network | Drawbacks and benefits of tree topology with meaning, definition, and explanation with examples.

The Tree topology is a combination of bus topology and star topology.

Tree topology is a type of network topology where all nodes (computer and devices) are connected with each other for the purpose of data and information sharing.

The tree topology is used to keep or arrange database in quite efficient manner.

What is a Tree Topology with Diagram and Example?

Tree topology is a topology where there is a star network is interconnected with the bus network and the structure looks like a tree therefore it is called “Tree topology”.

A tree topology is special types of structure where many connected elements are arrange like a branch of a tree, there can be only one connection between any two connected nodes.

Because any two nodes can have only one connection, tree topologies create a natural child and parent connection hierarchy.  

What is a Tree Topology with Diagram
What is a Tree Topology with Diagram

In these topology various computer are connected to the various switches or hubs in a single bus backbone cable.

In this network maximum computers are connected to the secondary hub and it connects to the primary hub, most of the computers are connected to hub in bunch form there are some hub are connected likewise.

There is one primary hub and from them there are some secondary hubs that are connected in network with computer.

Every computer is connected with the hub is connected with the point to point network.

Any of the computers wants to send data to another computer which are connected at the different secondary hub.

Firstly, the data goes to the primary hub then it reads the address of the data later it is send to the secondary hub then it sends the data to that particular computer.

If any one of the computer is failed or disabled in tree then the whole network does not stop it continues to work despite one node or computer fails to work properly.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Star Topology in Computer Network

Advantages and Disadvantages of Star Topology
Advantages and Disadvantages of Star Topology

Advantages of Tree Topology

  • There is point to point connection between the computers with hub in a network.
  • If any one of the computer fails entire network does not breakdown.
  • It is the combination of star and bus topology characteristics.
  • We can add additional computers easily in this network.
  • Fault or error in the network can be easily identify and diagnosis.
  • They are low cost maintenance.
  • It is easy to arrange the network of tree topology because of point to point connection of the system.
  • This network helps in connecting in different floors of building for connects more computer in a hub on tree topology.
  • This topology is used on large network.
  • Tree Topology is connected with hub or switch therefore it offers more security features compared to bus and star topology.
  • They have support of software and hardware vendors.

Disadvantages of Tree Topology

  • Because of the structure of tree topology it mainly depends on bus backbone cable. if its break the entire network breakdowns.
  • The need of more cable is found when additional computer is attached to the network.
  • Tree topology network is difficult to arrange as compare to other topology.
  • If HUB is damaged or corrupted the entire network breakdown of stop responding.
  • Need of more cables are needed in this type of topology.
  • They are very difficult to maintain and configure.
  • They are slow network it entirely depends on the number of nodes attached in the networks.
  • Their performance is hampered when there are large numbers of nodes attached to them.
  • Tree Topology entirely depends upon the main bus cables if in any case the cables are damaged or corrupted the entire network system fails.
  • If first level of computer stops responding other level also face the same issues.
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What are Some Examples of Tree Topology?

Tree Topology is suitable for large networks as they are connected with the hub or switch.

Tree Topology connections are spread into large areas because they are capable of connecting more computers to their network.

The computers are connected to the hub and more computers can be added to the hub with extra and additional cables.

The use of this network is very popular in big organizations.

The big university takes the advantage of tree topology for their campuses takes advantage of tree topology for their labs which are on different floors connection of their computer with the help of switches.

Also, some big hospitals are using this topology for the use of the connecting computer which is situated on different floors.

Why is Tree Topology Used?

Tree topology is the topologies where the star network is connecting with the bus backbone of the cable the entire network depends on this cable.

Primary hubs are connected with the multiple secondary hubs that are connected to some star network with the bus backbone cable they share the data between the computer.

A tree network is used to share the information from one side to the network and it allows the user to have many servers on the network.

It is the best topology because the signals are transmitted by the nodes and are received by all the computers simultaneously.

This topology is mostly used on a large network because many hubs are connected to the computers.

What are the Feature of Tree Topology?

  • Tree topology is a special type of structures where many connected elements looks like a branch of a tree.
  • It is known an as hierarchy topology.
  • This topology divides the network into multiple layer or layer of network.
  • In lowermost there is a access layer to their computer are attached to the secondary hub after that there is a middle layer it is known as distribution layer which works as intermediate between the upper layer and the lower layer and the higher layer is known as core layer and the centre point of the network is a root of the tree.
  • A tree topology combines the characteristics of linear bus and star topologies.
  • In a linear bus network there is a connection of some group of star topology.
  • Tree topologies allow for the expansion of an existing network easily and it allows the school to configure the network to meet their needs.
  • Often an array of servers will sit on the backbone so all segments will have access to them.
  • In tree topology every computer is connected to the bunch of star topologies and the data transfer perfectly.

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