What are The Different Types of Computer System

A Computer is an electronic computational device that can perform Arithmetic, Mathematical, and Logical Operations with incredible speed, and can store a gigantic amount of information and data.

The information or data can be recalled at whatever point the client demands or requests. As the days are passing by different types of computer systems are being utilized or used for particular and specific purposes.

Different Types of Computer System
Different Types of Computer Systems

The need to develop more advanced computers is in need every hour as the majority of software companies have developed huge software that needs more processing power and storage capacity to deal with this kind of applications.

The old personal computers are obsolete as they needed an entire building for installation and were gigantic in size, weight also produced an enormous amount of heat.

Imagine the latest modern-day computer can fit your palm simply like your cell phone, imagine how smaller your tablet is.

your PC ..and so on

According to their size and capabilities they are basically classified into four different types of computers

8 Types of Computer

  1. Super Computer.
  2. Mainframe.
  3. Mini.
  4. Micro.
  5. Desktop.
  6. Laptop.
  7. Palmtop.
  8. Tablet PC.
Different Types of Computer
Different Types of Computer
People Are Also Reading

#1. Super Computer.

These are the speediest computers compared with all other computers, which have fast, amazing capacity or storage limit, are expensive and require gigantic space they are called “Super Computers“.

They are accommodated in a large Air Conditioned room, some of them can take an entire building for its installation.

A Desktop Microcomputer process information and guideline in a millionth of a second and at times in microseconds, though the Supercomputer can play out a speed of nanoseconds or even in picoseconds, the speed of the supercomputer is a million times quicker and faster than a desktop PC.

There a speed is measured or counted in FLOPS” (Floating Point Operation per Second) it can perform a speed of over 1 billion per second

Super Computer Computer Types
Super Computer

They are generally used as a part of complex Scientific applications, climate determining, and Monitoring tremors or earthquakes.

They are expertized in particular fields, for example, space investigation, space examination, atomic weapons, and genetic engineering.

Seymour Cray planned and designed the first Supercomputer “CDC 6600” in 1964. CDC 6600 is known as the first-ever Supercomputer.

Today, China's "Tianhe – 2" is the world's quickest and fastest Supercomputer.

The Tianhe – 2 can perform 100 Petaflops, i.e. quadrillions of floating-point operations every second China has built up the quickest supercomputer of all time.

It has around 37 while the USA has 233.

  • PARAM 10000 which was developed in India by C-DAC, Pune
  • IBM Deep Blue which was specially designed for playing chess
  • Tianhe-2 which was developed in China

#2. Mainframe Computer.

They are gigantic in size, quick, extremely costly, and expensive they are not as quick as the supercomputer but still, they are exceptionally costly.

They are planned and created to process an incredible amount of information and data they can execute millions of guidelines or instructions per second and can store billions of information or data.

Mainframe Computers
Mainframe Computers

They can store and process a tremendous amount of information accordingly it is generally utilized and used as a part of educational organizations, and railway reservations.

In a portion of the administration segment where bulk information has to be saved, it is additionally used as a part of the Insurance Sector.

They support more than 1000 remote computers and can work as a “HOST” for different and multiple operating systems.

  • IBM Z890
  • Hitachi’s Z800

#3. Mini Computer.

They are called Midrange Computers and were produced in the 1960s using transistors, center memory technology, and innovation.

They are quite smaller in size, less expensive, and speedier yet not as quick as a mainframe or supercomputer.

They are utilized or used as a part of private company organizations, and in the production, department to monitor or screen the manufacturing process.

Mini Computer
Mini Computer

They help multi-client Operations and have a very difficult operating system to deal with and can function as a “HOST” in a system where 100 terminals can be supported.

The effective and powerful minicomputer is called as "Super-Minis".
  • VAX
  • Texas Instrument TI-990
People Are Also Reading

#4. Micro Computer.

They are commonly called as “Personal Computer” [PC]. 

They are the smallest and the cheapest as compared with minicomputers, mainframes, and supercomputers.

Despite this they are widely used among people or end-user clients, due to their low cost they are so small that they can be kept on a table (PC) or even carry out in a bag (Laptop) or even in a Palm (Mobile Devices).

Their users are the fastest-growing users compared to other different types of computers.

They are designed primarily for single operation but still, they can be used as a workstation in computer networking.

Micro Computers

The microcomputer is a digital computer that consists of a single or more CPU’s (Microprocessor) they have input and output units as well as primary and secondary storage units.

Their processing speed is less as compared to different types of computers their speed is measured in MHZ (Mega-Hertz) and GHZ (Giga-Hertz).

They have an input unit that encourages the users to give instruction or data to the control unit, and an output unit that performs display information in desired or wanted form.

Examples of Micro-Computers
  • Desktop Computers [PC]
  • Laptop
  • PDA | Palmtop
  • Tablet PC

#5. Desktop Computers.

These are single-user computers that can fit on a table.

They are small in size usually with a single or only 1 “microprocessor” (CPU).

They are designed for a single location, desktop computers can be used for entertainment, and graphics, and users can perform high-level language with a single-user operating system but it can also be used as a host in computer networking.

desktop computers
Desktop computer are also called as Personal Computer”. 

They can work faster and can store a considerable amount of data or information, they are cheaper and smaller in size but compared to other different types of computers they are found wondering.

Famous manufacturer of desktop computer are 
  • DELL
  • IBM
People Are Also Reading

#6. Laptop.

They can perform with AC or with Battery, these computers are usually used by persons who have to work from one location to another, not as PC.

Which stick to one place as they need AC power to operate.

Laptop computers

There is a wide range of people who use these types of computers daily may be an engineer who has to give a presentation, a student who needs to demonstrate his project, a lawyer, a businessman, a teacher, a graphic designer, a salesperson, etc.

The biggest acid of laptops is their mobility.

Examples of Famous Laptop manufacturer are
  • Dell
  • Compaq
  • Toshiba
  • Lenovo

#7. Palmtop.

 Palmtops are very small in size devices. That includes input and output functions. Users can attach a mouse or keyboard.

They can perform each and every task or operation as Personal Computer or Laptop.

They have a graphical screen where a client can do all the functions, for example, sending emails, office work, and communication inside a little package.

These are the Different computer types that are utilized or used as a part of gigantic numbers around the world

Palmtops are essentially utilized by businessmen, Marketing Executes, and so on.

  • Apple
  • Dell
  • Toshiba

#8. Tablet PC.

Tablet Computers

Tablet computers are additionally called a notebook. Which enables clients to communicate utilizing a computerized pen or a fingertip without utilizing a mouse or keyboard.

They can’t satisfy the functionality of Personal computers or Laptops.

Different Types of Computer System

Different Types of Computer System

Different Types of Computers According to Purpose

According to purpose, computers are divided into 2 types.
  1. General Purpose Computers.
  2. Special Purpose Computers.
Classifications of Computer according to purpose
Classifications of Computer According to Purpose

Types of Computers According to Computer Generations

#Computer GenerationUsedLanguageExamples
1First GenerationVacuum TubesMachine LanguageENIAC:: Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer.
EDVAC:: Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer
UNIVAC 1:: Universal Automatic Computer 1
2Second GenerationTransistorFORTRAN AND COBOLIBM 7030/7094
Honeywell 400 Philco
3Third GenerationSemiconductorFORTRAN, COBOL, PASCAL, BASIC, C, C++, DBASEPDP8, IBM360, PDP11.
4Fourth GenerationMicroprocessorC and C++, Java, Net,Intel Pentium
Apple II
5Fifth GenerationArtificial IntelligencePrologPARAM 10000

Useful Video : On Computer Types

Computer Generation In Tabular Form

Computer GenerationYearInventorUsed
First Generation Computer1946-1959J.P.Eckert and J.W. MauchlyVacuum Tubes and Magnetic Drum.
Second Generation Computer1908-1991Walter H. Brattain, John Bardeen, and William BTransistor
Third Generation Computer1958Jack KilbyIntegrated Circuit (I.C.)
Fourth Generation Computer1971Federico FagginMicroprocessor [CPU]
Fifth Generation Computer1955John McCarthyArtificial Intelligence.

Types of Computers According to Size

1Micro Computer.
2Mini Computer.
3Mainframe Computer.
4Super Computer.

5 Types of Computer Systems

Five different types of computer systems are.
Types of Computer
5 Types of Computer
#Computer Types
2Desktop Computer | Personal Computer.
3Mini Computer.
4Mainframe Computers.
5WorkStation | Server.

Types of Computers Based On The Technology

Modern computers can be distinguished and categorized entirely depending on the technology they are embedded with.

Below some of the types of computers based in the technology.
  1. Analog Computers.
  2. Digital Computers.
  3. Mainframe Computers.
  4. Mini Computers.
  5. Micro Computers.
  6. Super Computers.
  7. Workstations | Server.
  8. Quantum Computers.
  9. Embedded Computers.

What is a Computer Short Note?

A computer is an advanced electronic machine or devices that is equipped with amazing processing, computing and handling power.

The computer system work with incredible speed, accuracy and gigantic storage capacity.

There are various hardware components that are important to computer system that are included below.

  1. Central Processing Unit.
  2. Motherboard.
  3. Random Access Memory [RAM].
  4. Hard Disk Drives | Solid State Drives [SSD].

The computer systems are equipped with both input and output devices that are extensively used and utilized for better performance and usability.

5 Examples of Input Devices are
  1. Keyboard
  2. Mouse
  3. Scanner
  4. Trackball
  5. Joystick
5 Examples of Output Devices are
  1. Monitors
  2. Touch Screens
  3. LCD Monitors or LED Monitors
  4. Printers
  5. Speakers

Full Form of Computer

Common Operating Machine Particularly Used for Technical and Educational Research

What are the 4 Basic Functions of a Computer?

The Four Basic Functions of Computer Systems are
Functions of Computer
Functions of Computer
  1. Input
  2. Output
  3. Processing
  4. Storage

What are the 7 Basic Parts of a Computer?

  1. Central Processing Unit [CPU].
  2. Motherboard.
  3. Random Access Memory [RAM].
  4. Hard Disk Drives, SSD [Solid State Drives].
  5. Cabinet | Case.
  6. DVD-RW.
  7. Monitor | Keyboard | Mouse.
Read More on Basic Parts of a Computer

What are the 5 Types of Computer Generation?

#Computer GenerationsTimelineHardware
1First Generation of Computer1940-1956Vacuum Tubes
2Second Generation of Computer1956-1963Transistor
3Third Generation of Computer1964-1971Integrated Circuit (I.C.)
4Fourth Generation of Computer1971-1980Microprocessor
5Fifth Generation of Computer1980- Till NowArtificial Intelligence

10 Input Devices of Computer System

  • Keyboard
  • Mouse
  • Scanner
  • Trackball
  • Joystick
  • Light Pen
  • Touch Screens
  • Optical Card Reader (OCR)
  • Magnetic Ink Character Recognition (MICR)
  • Optical Bar Code Reader (OBR)
Read More on Input Devices of Computer

10 Output Devices of Computer System

  • Monitors
  • Touch Screens
  • LCD Monitors or LED Monitors
  • Printers
  • Speakers
  • Headphones
  • Sound Cards
  • Plotters
  • Projectors
Read More on Output Devices of Computer

What are the 3 Components of the CPU?

Components of the CPU
Components of the CPU
  1. Arithmetic and Logic Unit.
  2. Control Unit.
  3. Processing and Storage.

10 Uses of Computers

  1. Home.
  2. Medical Field.
  3. Online Trading.
  4. Online Education.
  5. Research.
  6. Entertainment.
  7. Industry.
  8. Education.
  9. Government.
  10. Banking.
  11. Business.
Read More on Uses of Computer

Advantages & Disadvantages of Computer System

#Advantages of ComputersDisadvantages of Computers
1Computer Operates with Great SpeedUsing a Computer for long hours can encourage Health Issues.
2Computers work with almost 100% AccuracyPorn sites are easily available on the internet and hence Spread of Pornography is a big concern.
3Amazing data and information storage capabilities.A computer virus is a big threat.
4Online Trading can be performed with the help and assistance of computers.Computer Can Not Take Their Own Decision, NO IQ.
5Learning is made simple with the help of a computer with an internet connection.Data and Information violation
6Research is done with the help of super-fast machines.Negative Effect on the Environment
7Forecasting Weather, Predicting Earthquakes, and Volcano EruptionsIf not possible to maintain the networks can be crashed or be damaged.
8In BusinessThe computer Can Not Work on Itself
9Produce EmploymentSpread of Violence and Hatred
10InternetOnline Cyber Crimes
Read More on Advantages & Disadvantages of Computer

Famous Computer Manufacturer


Frequently Asked Questions [FAQs] on Computer Types

What are the 3 Categories of Computers?

1. Analogue.
2. Digital.
3. Hybrid.

What is the 5 Main Structure of a Computer?

1. Input.
2. Output.
3. Memory.
4. Arithmetic & Logical Unit.
5. Control Unit.

What Controls the Computer?

The System Software controls the internal functioning and processing of computers.

What is a Small Computer Called?

Mini Computer is called small computers.

Full Form of Computer

common operating machine purposely Used for technical and educational research

The Computer Speed is Measured in?

MHZ [Megahertz] and GHZ [GegaHertz].

What are the 7 types of computer systems?

1 Supercomputer.
2 Mini Computers.
3 Mainframe.
4 Server Computer.
5 Workstation Computer.
6 Personal Computer or PC.
7 Laptops.

What are 4 uses of a computer system?

1. Education
2. Technology
3. Business
4. Medical Fields

What is the first computer system?

ENIAC [Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer] machine by John W. Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert

What is the brain of computer?

Central Processing Unit [CPU] is the brain of computer system

Who is computer father?

Charles Benjamin Babbage

Get In Touch

I have also written and compiled some articles on computers and telecommunications, and please go through them.

I hope you will like reading it.

All the questions and queries related to the Different Types of Computer Systems with functions, characteristics, classifications, advantages, and disadvantages.
If you have any questions about Computer Types.

Don’t hesitate to contact me, and if you feel to add, remove or update anything from the article, please let me know in the comment section or via email.

I will be more than happy to update the article. I am always ready to correct myself.

Please share this article with your friends and colleagues; this motivates me to write more related topics.

!!! Thank You !!!
Rate this post
Spread the Knowledge By Sharing