11 Advantages and Disadvantages of MAN | Benefits and Drawbacks of MAN

In today’s post, we will learn 11 Advantages and Disadvantages of MAN | Benefits and Drawbacks of MAN {Metropolitan Area Network} with types, applications, definition, uses and examples with diagram.
The full form of MAN is Metropolitan Area Network.

The Metropolitan Area Network {MAN} is a network that is much bigger than LAN but quite smaller than WAN.

The MAN covers a large area of its communication.

MAN network links use infrared links and microwave signal links for installation.

What is Metropolitan Area Network With Examples?

Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) is an extensive network spread over a city or town and in a large campus area.

It is larger and more significant than Local Area Network {LAN} but smaller in size than Wide Area Network {WAN}.

What is Metropolitan Area Network
What is Metropolitan Area Network
MAN stands for Metropolitan Area Network

MAN is a network that connects the computer with different components in a large area. This network is the connection of different multiple LANs to form a MAN network.

We provide internet access to the city’s entire population through the MAN network connected by optical cables.

Switches, routers, and hubs form a MAN network, which connects corporate Local Area Networks.

A single organization does not own MAN, and it is maintained by a single organization that sells the customers.

A Metropolitan Area Network links or connects to the LANs as well as through the internet to the MAN with the network.

MAN provides high-capacity data which customer needs, and it can provide a lower cost and excellent efficiency than obtaining local service from the telephone company.

Several technologies are used to update MAN networks.

This includes and consists of FDDI (Fiber Distribution Data Transfer), ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode), and SMDS (Switch Multi-Megabit Data Service).

ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) is most commonly used in our daily lives.

This technique was developed in 1980 and has since become the most widely used in the world. In this technique, data is split into similar data and then transferred over time as part of a data relay system.

The primary purpose of (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) ATM is to provide good quality video and audio during video conference calls.

It also incorporates the features of circuit switching and packet switching, which allow real-time transfers.

We use FDDI technology for data transfer in MAN networks because the LAN is extended by 200 kilometers, and it supports thousands of customers.

11 Advantages and Disadvantages of MAN {Metropolitan Area Network} With Image

Advantages and Disadvantages of MAN Networks
Advantages and Disadvantages of MAN Networks

Benefits and Advantages of MAN Networks

  • In addition to the lower cost of connecting MAN with LAN,
  • MAN provides high-efficiency data transmission.
  • MAN networks manage data in a central part where all the nodes are connected to devices.
  • MAN network data is transmitted quickly, and you can also send emails fast and for free.
  • MAN networks use fiber optics so the speed of the data can reach 1000 Mbps.
  • Databases and files can be transferred quickly over this network.
  • A MAN network allows users to share their internet connection, so many can benefit from the fast connection.
  • MAN is a quicker way to connect two fast LANs together this is because of fast configuration links.
  • MAN has a high-security data transfer speed than WAN.
  • Their data transmission speed is comparatively faster.
  • These networks are expensive compared to LAN networks.
  • Their ownership is private or public.
  • Large geographical areas like towns, cities, and continents are covered in this sort of MAN network.
  • These networks allow users to connect to the internet at high speed.
  • They are secure networks compared to WAN networks.

Drawbacks of Disadvantages of MAN

  • There is a security problem and configuration due to the maximum number of LANs is connected, and their size is also significant, so it isn’t easy to manage.
  • MAN network cannot work on traditional phone copper wire if they install the network on the copper wire then there will be low speed so if we want a high speed we want to set up fiber optics which is of high cost when we set up the first time.
  • In MAN, there is a high chance of stealing data by hackers as we compare it to LAN networks, so there is a chance of leaking our data. If we want to secure data, it requires highly trained staff and security tools.
  • Setting up a MAN network requires technical people who can set it up correctly. The people are network administrators and troubleshooters.
  • In MAN, there is a need for more cables two connect multiple LAN networks.
  • They are huge networks compared to LAN networks, which makes them difficult to maintain.
Related Articles

Basic Characteristics of WAN in Computer Network

Characteristics of WAN in Computer
Characteristics of WAN in Computer
  • WAN has a large capacity and connects a large number of computers connected over a large geographical area.
  • WAN provides connecting links between LAN and MAN to the network.
  • Many users can connect and communicate with each other to share data and information in one network.
  • The speed of the data transmission is sometimes fast and sometimes slow.
  • The range of the WAN network is enormous to transfer data across the globe.
  • The data rate of WAN is low compared to the data transfer rate of the local area network.

Examples of MAN Networks

  • MAN is used in digital cable television.
  • It is used by government agencies.
  • University campuses are also using this network.
  • Cable operators are using this network.
  • It is used to connect several branches of schools.
  • This network is used in hospitals, fire stations, and an airport.
  • This network is used between the community colleges of the country

What are the 4 Types of Networks?

There are four types of networks

LAN (Local Area Network) is a group of networks connected to a small group of areas such as schools, and colleges in a building.

In LAN, one computer becomes the server, and the other becomes the client, and its transmission speed is 10 to 1000 Mbps.

4 Types of Network
4 Types of Network

PAN (Personal Area Network) is a network that is approximately 10 meters, and most of the users are connected to the internet range for personal use. It has a coverage range of thirty meters.

It offers information transmission amongst the devices such as computers, smart devices, video game stations, electronic gadgets, and also song players.

MAN (Metropolitan Area Network) is a network that covers a large geographical area by linking various local area networks to create an extensive network.

This network gives a high transfer speed of 1000 Mbps. With the help of optic fiber, it gives a higher data transmission rate.

WAN (Wide Area Network) is a network that covers a big geographical location like a country, area, or continent worldwide.

It is a network that provides a long transmission of data, voice, video, or any transmission.

What are the Five Most Common Types of Computer System Networking?

  • Local Area Network.
  • Wide Area Network.
  • Metropolitan Area Network.
  • Campus Area Network.

LAN (Local Area Network)

LAN is a team of linked computer systems and also gadgets that share a common communication line web link to a server.

WAN (Wide Location Network)

WAN is a network that exists over a big geographical location like a nation, or continent.

WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network) is a wireless computer system that connects two or even more devices making use of wireless communication within a minimal location such as a house, institution, or computer system lab.

MAN (Metropolitan Area Network)

MAN is a computer network that interconnects customers with a computer source in a geographical location or region.

CAN (Campus Area Network)

is a computer network composed of an adjoining local area network within a limited geographical location.       

What is the Difference Between LAN and MAN?

A LAN is a group of computer and network devices connected within the same building.A MAN is a larger network that connects several buildings in the same city or town.
LAN connections have to be broadband and also fairly affordable.MAN network is high-speed and reasonably costly.
LAN is a wired network; all the computer systems are linked with cables.The connections in MAN are through modems or wires.
The ownership of LAN is personal or private.The ownership of MAN might be public or private.
The internet speed of LAN is really high, 1000 Mbps.The internet speed of MAN is moderate, between 45 to 155 Mbps.
The maintenance of LAN is easy.The maintenance of MAN is difficult and complex.

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