What is Computer Hardware and Software with Examples


What is Computer Hardware and Software:: Computer Hardware is defined as the physical part or component of a computer system which can be felt, seen, and touched.

The computer monitor which we use to view the display is a Hardware Device.

A printer which we use to Produce outputs,a computer memory which is used to store data or programs all are the types of hardware used in computer system for better functionality of computers.

Computer software can be defined as a set of instructions or collection of programs which are designed and developed to perform specific tasks. 

IT professionals develop customized programs that can be used in certain areas of our day-to-day life.

These types of software or programs are very helpful and can reduce human efforts immensely.

What is Computer Hardware and Software
What is Computer Hardware and Software

Different PC Software can be categorized in two main types

  • System Software
  • Application Software

Computer software needs hardware to function properly. For Example  Hard disk drive is a hardware device of a computer system which saves or stores information, programs or data in high volumes but it cannot work in absence of software programs.

The software helps hardware to run and vice versa.

Another example if you have installed a sound card on your computer system which is used for playing sound, videos, and also used for playing games, but you cannot hear any sound without proper driver installation that is software that activates the hardware to function properly.

Drivers are software program which comes with the hardware.

So we can say that to use full features of hardware and software they are dependent on each other both plays vital role in each other functions.

They are independent devices and programs but rely heavily on each other

Hardware is an essential part of the computer system like CPU, Ram, Power supply, Monitors.

We cannot start or use our computer if any part of the devices is missing but speakers, printers, or even mouse are some of the hardware when found missing does not affect the boot process of the computer, these devices are used for additional functions of the computer.

Also Read ::

Types of Hardware Component Used in Computer & Their Differences

As we have discussed above that hardware are physical devices which can be touched.

Different and common types of hardware devices and their uses are mentioned below for better understanding

  • Cabinet Case
  • Motherboard
  • Ram
  • Hard Disk
  • CPU
  • SMPS (Switching Mode Power Supply)
  • Keyboard
  • Mouse
  • Monitors
  • Printers
  • Speaker etc

These are the most used and common hardware devices here mentioned above some of the devices are used for better functionality or used for additional features. Like Speaker and Printers.

They are not used in the boot process of PC as when found missing PC cannot start or boot on its own. They are not responsible for booting computers.

But some of the devices mentioned above are responsible for the booting process of PC, for example, power supply, CPU, and Computer Memory [RAM] are essential hardware devices That are solely responsible for the booting of PC and their better computer functionality.

Cabinet Case

Cabinet case comes in various shapes and sizes but commonly used case is a tower case whose height ranges from 15 to 25 inches.

They enable different types of hardware devices to be fit in themselves to make it a whole and all the devices are connected to the case using screws.

The Commonly attached hardware devices to the PC case are Power supply, Motherboard CPU , Ram , Hard disk , DVD-RW etc.

Motherboard

The Computer Motherboard or mainboard is nothing but a piece of PCB (printed circuit board) where all the other devices are connected to it using cables & wires.

Motherboard generally distributes all the voltages and power received from SMPS or power supply to other parts of the hardware devices attached to the PC.

RAM 

RAM [Random Access Memory] is an essential part of the computer system which is used for storing data or program temporarily.

It is a volatile memory that tends to lose data when power is missing from a power supply.

When RAM is found missing motherboard gives a sound, and no display is found on monitors.

Hard Disk Drive

Computer Hard disk drives are used to store the data permanently.

It is a type of non-volatile memory that does not lose data or programs when there is no power.

Nowadays huge volume of data can be stored in a hard disk.

Which are also called as secondary storage hardware devices.

The hard disk capacity is measured in MB-MEGABYTES, GB-GIGABYTES & TB-TERABYTES

CPU [Central Processing Unit] 


CPU stands for Central Processing Unit which is responsible for almost all the operation computer system performs.

CPU performs Arithmetical and logical operation which includes addition, subtraction, division, and multiplication, and logical operations include comparison, less and greater values.

Every input which is sent by input devices is first collected in primary memory and later transferred to the CPU for further processing.

SMPS (Power Supply)

SMPS is known as Switching Mode Power Supply. Which is responsible to give power to the motherboard later this power is distributed among the other hardware devices for better functionality.

mainly three types of power supply are used in modern day PC.
  • AT (Advance Technology)
  • AT-X (Advanced Technology-Extended)
  • AT-XT(Advanced technology with Extended Technology)
Keyboard 

The keyboard is an input device that is primarily used for entering text as input to the CPU.

Mouse 

The mouse is a Pointing device that is used for selecting, pointing, and drag icons, files, and folders from one location to another in hard drives.

Monitors

Monitors are display units or commonly called as VDU which stands for [visual display unit] they are used to display information received from computers on their screen.

They are also called as SOFTCOPY Terminals.

Printers 

Printers are hardware component of the computer which is often used for producing outputs on papers as a HARDCOPY.

Speaker

Speakers are used to output digital signals. You can use a speaker for hearing sound, videos and playing games.

Also Read ::

Computer Hardware and Software
Computer Hardware and Software

Different Types of Computer Software and Their Uses

Computer software is a set of instruction or programs which are used for a specific or special task assign to them. 

You cannot touch or feel the software as they are just a set of instructions which is written by SW programmers for an application.

The user will need both hardware and software for a computer system to work properly. Hardware reads software.

Most of the software on our computer system is in the form of programs.

The software can be categorized in two types
  • System Software
  • Application Software
System Software

The system software is any software which controls the hardware so that any application software can run and can be executed to perform various task mentioned by programmers.

System software runs and executes programs, they also monitor various other components of a computer system like CPU, primary and secondary storage, and other peripheral devices of PC.

They communicate and control peripherals devices like printers,scanners,webcam,sound cards etc

The primary examples of system software’s are operating system such as Microsoft Windows, Linux, Mac, Unix, etc 

They control the hardware of computer systems so that they can work efficiently and Properly to perform the specific task given to them and also to provide a platform for application to perform and to execute in the overall development of application software.

They perform transferring of data to hard disk, It performs text or images or graphics to be seen on display devices,

There are various other system software which is developed for specific tasks, such as device drivers are installed in PC for better functionality of that device,

for example:: Device drivers of display cards and sound cards are used in viewing better resolutions on the computer screen and hearing sound from soundcards.

Programming tools, utility software, compiler, the interpreter is also considered to be system software. System software can be operating system and language processors

where the operating system acts as the interface between user and computers and language processors are those which convert programming languages i.e.

Assembly language and High-level languages to machine language which is a language that is understood by computers.

 Compilers & Interpreters are examples of language processors.

Also Read ::

Different Types of System Software & Their Uses

  • Translators
  • Device Drivers
  • Utility Programs
  • Operating System
Translators 

These are those programs that translate codes that are written in high-level or Assembly language into Machine language or that language that is easily understood by the computer.

Device Drivers

These programs are used to help better functionality of hardware devices. Such as mouse, sound cards, and keyboards.

Utility Programs

Format, Defragmentation, cleaning of hard disk space & installing and removing application programs from computer.

These utility programs help the user to better communicate and interact with software and hardware.

Operating System

This acts as the primary interface between a user and computer hardware.

It presents the user with a GUI stands for Graphical User Interface where the user can directly communicate or interact with hardware and software used in computer systems.

The system software manages and controls hardware and user inputs.

They are also used in providing an interface for the development of application SW.

Application Softwares of Computer

Application Software is a program that is designed and developed for specific purposes and for a special task that is directly used by the users.

In other words, it can be described as an interface between user and system software, which helps the user to perform a given specific task.

Common Application software is a word processor and spreadsheets.

Some of the applications SW are bind in together with other application software such as MS-OFFICE SUITE comes with MS Word, Excel, PowerPoint & Access and Adobe include Adobe Photoshop and Image ready together.

Pre-Installed Application Software which is installed automatically or in other words we can say that they come as a package includes in Popular Operating system such as MICROSOFT Windows.

For Example:: Paint & Windows Media Player

User Written or Customized Software’s

They are designed and developed as well as customized as per the requirements of the clients. Software Developer which uses a high-level language such as Visual Basic (VB) for Front End and SQL(Structural Query Language) server for the development of the application software which fulfills the needs of their clients.

They are developed to perform a special and specific task as the user needs. The developer or the programmer has the privileges to change or update or add or delete the source code of the software any time when found necessary.

They may be used in Railway Reservation, Payroll, Calculating Salaries of Employees in Huge Organizations, Creating Application for online Examination, Graphics and Animation.

In the above article, we have discussed briefly on What is Computer Hardware and Software with Differences.

If you enjoyed reading the content don’t forget to like and share it with your friends and colleagues.


99 thoughts on “What is Computer Hardware and Software with Examples”

  1. Everything is very open with a precise explanation of the challenges. It was definitely informative. Your site is very useful. Thanks for sharing!

    Reply
  2. F*ckin’ amazing things here. I am very satisfied to look your article. Thank you so much and i’m taking a look ahead to touch you. Will you kindly drop me a mail?

    Reply
  3. I抎 have to check with you here. Which is not one thing I usually do! I get pleasure from reading a post that will make people think. Additionally, thanks for permitting me to remark!

    Reply
  4. Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is a very well written article. I will be sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful information. Thanks for the post. I will definitely return.

    Reply
  5. Wonderful beat ! I wish to apprentice even as you amend your site, how can i subscribe for a blog website? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I have been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear idea|

    Reply
  6. Article writing is also a excitement, if you know after that you can write if not it is difficult to write.|

    Reply
  7. Hurrah! In the end I got a web site from where I know how to genuinely get useful data regarding my study and knowledge.|

    Reply
  8. This is really attention-grabbing, You are a very professional blogger. I have joined your rss feed and stay up for in search of extra of your wonderful post. Additionally, I have shared your web site in my social networks|

    Reply
  9. I think this is among the most vital info for me. And i’m glad reading your article. But want to remark on few general things, The website style is wonderful, the articles is really excellent : D. Good job, cheers|

    Reply
  10. Howdy! This post could not be written much better! Going through this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He constantly kept talking about this. I most certainly will send this post to him. Fairly certain he will have a very good read. Thanks for sharing!|

    Reply
  11. Fantastic site. Lots of useful information here. I抦 sending it to a few friends ans also sharing in delicious. And of course, thank you in your effort!

    Reply
  12. I’ll immediately snatch your rss feed as I can not in finding your email subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Kindly permit me understand in order that I may subscribe. Thanks.

    Reply
  13. Very soon this web site will be famous among all blogging and site-building users, due to it’s nice articles or reviews|

    Reply
  14. Hey there would you mind stating which blog platform you’re using? I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m having a difficult time deciding between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal. The reason I ask is because your design seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique. P.S Apologies for getting off-topic but I had to ask!|

    Reply
  15. Hurrah, that’s what I was looking for, what a stuff! existing here at this blog, thanks admin of this web site.|

    Reply
  16. Hi just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few of the pictures aren’t loading correctly. I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different web browsers and both show the same results.|

    Reply
  17. Thanks , I’ve recently been searching for info approximately this subject for ages and yours is the best I have found out so far. But, what concerning the conclusion? Are you certain about the source?|

    Reply
  18. You could definitely see your enthusiasm in the work you write. The arena hopes for more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to say how they believe. All the time follow your heart.|

    Reply
  19. What’s up to all, how is the whole thing, I think every one is getting more from this web page, and your views are good in favor of new viewers.|

    Reply
  20. Hello to every body, it’s my first go to see of this webpage; this website contains awesome and truly fine data for visitors.|

    Reply
  21. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know a lot about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you can do with a few pics to drive the message home a little bit, but instead of that, this is excellent blog. A fantastic read. I will certainly be back.

    Reply
  22. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point. You clearly know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence on just posting videos to your blog when you could be giving us something enlightening to read?|

    Reply
  23. Hi, i feel that i saw you visited my site so i came to go back the desire?.I’m attempting to find issues to improve my web site!I guess its good enough to use a few of your ideas!!|

    Reply
  24. I really love your website.. Great colors & theme. Did you build this site yourself? Please reply back as I’m hoping to create my very own blog and would like to learn where you got this from or what the theme is named. Many thanks!|

    Reply
  25. Pretty great post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to mention that I have truly loved browsing your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing for your feed and I’m hoping you write again very soon!|

    Reply
  26. Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is a very well written article. I will be sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your useful information. Thanks for the post. I will definitely return.|

    Reply
  27. You’ve made some good points there. I checked on the net for additional information about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this web site.|

    Reply
  28. Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to more added agreeable from you! By the way, how can we communicate?|

    Reply
  29. What’s up, yup this article is in fact fastidious and I have learned lot of things from it concerning blogging. thanks.|

    Reply
  30. Good day! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my good old room mate! He always kept talking about this. I will forward this write-up to him. Fairly certain he will have a good read. Many thanks for sharing!|

    Reply
  31. Hello there, I found your blog by way of Google whilst looking for a related matter, your website got here up, it seems great. I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

    Reply
  32. Hi there friends, its great article concerning educationand entirely explained, keep it up all the time.|

    Reply
  33. My partner and I stumbled over here coming from a different web page and thought I might as well check things out. I like what I see so i am just following you. Look forward to looking at your web page for a second time.|

    Reply
  34. Hello, There’s no doubt that your blog could be having web browser compatibility issues. When I look at your website in Safari, it looks fine however, when opening in I.E., it has some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to give you a quick heads up! Apart from that, great blog!

    Reply
  35. This blog was… how do you say it? Relevant!! Finally I have found something which helped me. Kudos!

    Reply
  36. Hi it’s me, I am also visiting this web page on a regular basis, this website
    is genuinely good and the visitors are in fact sharing good thoughts.

    Reply
  37. What i don’t understood is actually how you’re not really much more well-liked than you might be now. You are so intelligent. You realize thus significantly relating to this subject, produced me personally consider it from a lot of varied angles. Its like women and men aren’t fascinated unless it is one thing to do with Lady gaga! Your own stuffs excellent. Always maintain it up!

    Reply
  38. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that I’ve truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I will be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again soon!|

    Reply
  39. If you want to grow your know-how simply keep visiting this website and be updated with the most recent gossip posted here.|

    Reply
  40. If some one wishes to be updated with latest technologies therefore he must be pay a quick visit this web page and be up to date every day.|

    Reply
  41. Nice blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere? A theme like yours with a few simple tweeks would really make my blog jump out. Please let me know where you got your design. Thanks|

    Reply
  42. Your means of describing everything in this piece of writing is actually nice, every one be able to easily be aware of it, Thanks a lot.|

    Reply
  43. My brother recommended I would possibly like this web site. He used to be totally right. This publish truly made my day. You cann’t imagine simply how a lot time I had spent for this info! Thanks!|

    Reply
  44. Howdy! This article couldn’t be written much better! Looking through this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He constantly kept talking about this. I’ll send this article to him. Fairly certain he’s going to have a great read. Many thanks for sharing!|

    Reply
  45. Do you mind if I quote a few of your posts as long as I provide credit and sources back to your website? My blog is in the exact same niche as yours and my users would genuinely benefit from some of the information you provide here. Please let me know if this ok with you. Many thanks!|

    Reply
  46. Fantastic website. A lot of helpful information here. I’m sending it to a few friends ans additionally sharing in delicious. And naturally, thank you in your sweat!|

    Reply
  47. This article is really a fastidious one it helps new the web viewers, who are wishing in favor of blogging.|

    Reply
  48. What’s up, the whole thing is going well here and ofcourse every one is sharing data, that’s truly excellent, keep up writing.|

    Reply
  49. Hmm is anyone else having problems with the images on this blog loading? I’m trying to determine if its a problem on my end or if it’s the blog. Any responses would be greatly appreciated.|

    Reply
  50. Your style is so unique in comparison to other people I’ve read stuff from. Thank you for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I’ll just bookmark this site.|

    Reply
  51. Someone essentially assist to make severely articles I might state. This is the first time I frequented your web page and thus far? I amazed with the research you made to create this particular publish incredible. Fantastic activity!|

    Reply
  52. I really like what you guys tend to be up too. This type of clever work and reporting! Keep up the great works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to blogroll.|

    Reply
  53. you are in reality a just right webmaster. The website loading velocity is incredible. It sort of feels that you are doing any unique trick. Moreover, The contents are masterwork. you’ve done a excellent job on this subject!|

    Reply
  54. An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a co-worker who had been doing a little research on this. And he in fact bought me lunch because I stumbled upon it for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending time to discuss this matter here on your website.|

    Reply
  55. Hi it’s me, I am also visiting this web page daily, this website is actually nice and the people are truly sharing fastidious thoughts.|

    Reply
  56. Great site you have here.. It’s difficult to find high-quality writing like yours these days. I honestly appreciate people like you! Take care!!|

    Reply
  57. Great blog right here! Also your site quite a bit up fast! What host are you the usage of? Can I am getting your associate hyperlink to your host? I desire my website loaded up as fast as yours lol|

    Reply
  58. Does your site have a contact page? I’m having problems locating it but, I’d like to shoot you an e-mail. I’ve got some suggestions for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing it develop over time.|

    Reply
  59. I know this web site presents quality depending content and other stuff, is there any other web site which provides these data in quality?|

    Reply
  60. My spouse and I absolutely love your blog and find nearly all of your post’s to be just what I’m looking for. can you offer guest writers to write content for you personally? I wouldn’t mind producing a post or elaborating on many of the subjects you write with regards to here. Again, awesome weblog!|

    Reply
  61. Greetings! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this website? I’m getting fed up of WordPress because I’ve had issues with hackers and I’m looking at options for another platform. I would be fantastic if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.|

    Reply
  62. excellent submit, very informative. I’m wondering why the other specialists of this sector do not realize this. You should proceed your writing. I’m confident, you’ve a huge readers’ base already!|

    Reply
  63. Hi, Neat post. There’s an issue together with your website in internet explorer, may test this? IE still is the marketplace leader and a huge element of other people will miss your excellent writing due to this problem.|

    Reply
  64. Generally I do not read post on blogs, however I would like to say that this write-up very forced me to take a look at and do it! Your writing taste has been amazed me. Thanks, very nice article.|

    Reply
  65. Just desire to say your article is as astounding. The clearness to your publish is just nice and that i can suppose you are knowledgeable in this subject. Well together with your permission let me to grasp your RSS feed to keep up to date with drawing close post. Thanks one million and please keep up the enjoyable work.|

    Reply
  66. An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a friend who was doing a little research on this. And he actually bought me dinner due to the fact that I stumbled upon it for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending some time to discuss this subject here on your internet site.|

    Reply
  67. Hi there, You have performed an incredible job. I’ll certainly digg it and individually suggest to my friends. I am sure they will be benefited from this web site.|

    Reply
  68. Greetings from California! I’m bored to tears at work so I decided to browse your website on my iphone during lunch break. I really like the information you present here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home. I’m shocked at how quick your blog loaded on my phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, superb blog!|

    Reply
  69. I was pretty pleased to uncover this page. I want to to thank you for your time for this fantastic read!! I definitely loved every part of it and i also have you book-marked to see new information on your website.|

    Reply
  70. Having read this I thought it was extremely informative. I appreciate you spending some time and energy to put this information together. I once again find myself spending way too much time both reading and posting comments. But so what, it was still worth it!|

    Reply
  71. Hurrah! After all I got a website from where I be capable of really obtain helpful information concerning my study and knowledge.|

    Reply
  72. You are so awesome! I don’t think I’ve truly read through something like this before. So great to find someone with original thoughts on this subject. Seriously.. thanks for starting this up. This web site is something that is required on the web, someone with a little originality!|

    Reply
  73. Thank you for sharing your thoughts. I really appreciate your efforts and I am waiting for your next write ups thanks once again.|

    Reply
  74. Hello mates, its enormous piece of writing about teaching and completely defined, keep it up all the time.|

    Reply
  75. whoah this blog is wonderful i like reading your articles. Keep up the great work! You realize, lots of individuals are looking round for this information, you could help them greatly. |

    Reply
  76. hello there and thank you for your info – I’ve certainly picked
    up something new from right here. I did however expertise a few technical points using this
    web site, since I experienced to reload the site a lot of times previous to I
    could get it to load properly. I had been wondering if
    your hosting is OK? Not that I’m complaining, but slow loading
    instances times will very frequently affect your placement
    in google and can damage your quality score if ads and marketing with
    Adwords. Anyway I am adding this RSS to my email and can look out for a lot more of your respective interesting content.
    Ensure that you update this again very soon.

    Reply
  77. Tһanks , I’ve just beеn searching foг information about this sսbject for a long time and yours is the greatest I have diѕcovered so
    fɑr. Howеver, what about tһe bottom line? Are yoս sure
    concerning the source?

    Reply
  78. What’s Taking place i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve discovered It positively helpful and it has helped me out loads.
    I hope to contribute & assist other users like its
    helped me. Great job.

    Reply
  79. Thank you for sharing your info. I really appreciate your
    efforts and I am waiting for your next post thanks once again.

    Reply
  80. Thank you for any other informative website. Where else may just I am getting that kind of info written in such an ideal method? I’ve a mission that I’m just now operating on, and I’ve been on the glance out for such information.

    Reply

Leave a Comment