Advantages and Disadvantages of GUI | Benefits and Drawbacks of GUI


GUI Stands for Graphical User Interface. The GUI is an interface that helps users interact with the computer system at a more advanced level. GUI predominantly works with icons text and can be easily accessed with the help of a mouse, touchpad and touchscreens. The latest games can be designed and developed with the support and assistance of a GUI interface that allows the computer system for more user-friendly input and outputs with the help of graphics. Still, there are a few advantages and disadvantages of GUI.

What is GUI in Computer System?

The operating system is considered the most important system software installed in the computer system. 

It can handle the entire input and output process for better usability and better performance.

The GUI enabled operating system provides users with an interface that is very simple to use and handle the computer system. 

The operating system [OS] is responsible for controlling and handling computer resources like memory, central processing unit, hard disk, application software, and system software.

The operating system is a vital process for computer booting.

Before some decades, computer handling and usability were difficult and tedious jobs. 

GUI in Computer System
GUI in Computer System

Most of the operations were performed using CLI [Character Line Interface], also called “Console”.

In this technology, typing commands performed all the tasks and operations with the help of the keyboard.

The users had to memorize these commands for better functionality and quicker processing.

This technology did not support mouse for quicker response; therefore, to accomplish faster processing GUI was built, and it revolutionized the computer industry.

In the 1970s- 80s, the need to build GUI based operating was in high demand for more interactive and faster processing operations.

GUI has several advantages; therefore, they are extensively used in all modern operating systems.

Advantages and Disadvantages of GUI [Graphical User Interface]

10 Advantages and Disadvantages of GUI
10 Advantages and Disadvantages of GUI

Merits and Advantages of Graphical User Interface

  • The main advantage of GUI [Graphical User Interface] is that they are very simple to use and handle, and hence replaced old fashioned operating system which used CUI.
  • They are very attractive and visually impactful, making users more convenient for usage.
  • They do not need prior computer skills or knowledge to perform computer operations.
  • Playing with software and application is more easily compared to NON-GUI operating systems.
  • As modern operating systems are GUI enabled, communication between users can be established more easily.
  • Files and folders can be managed easily.
  • Learning computers and implementation is more fun as they can visually interact with the users.
  • Users can easily learn programming language with the help and assistance of GUI.
  • Multitasking operations and tasks can be done easily using GUI technology.
  • GUI is easy to use, handle and understand.
  • They are easy to understand due to the interactive interface.
  • They have a user-friendly environment.
  • GUI based operating systems are more attractive than NON-GUI operating systems.
  • Searching is made easy in these operating systems as they are visually appealing, and no need to memorize certain commands.
  • GUI made files dragging, dropping, selecting, copying, and deleting in just a single click.
  • The results derived from GUI are instant.

Drawbacks and Disadvantages of Graphical User Interface 

  • The operating systems are pre-programmed system software and cannot be updated or changed.
  • GUI consumes more resources like RAM and CPU.
  • The booting process takes more time compared to the NON-GUI Operating system.
  • This operating system gets corrupt more often.
  • It takes more power for the system to function.
  • The operation performed in GUI based operating system takes more time than NON-GUI based OS.
  • It requires more memory.
  • The development of GUI based OS takes considerable time.
  • The command-line interface is limited; therefore, o use commands, you require administrative privileges.
  • It requires more processing power to execute operations.

Operating System with Launched Date

#Operating SystemLaunched DateOwner
1Windows 951995Microsoft
2Windows 981998Microsoft
3Windows Me2000Microsoft
4Windows XP2001Microsoft
5Windows 72009Microsoft
6Windows 82012Microsoft
7Windows 102015Microsoft
8LINUX1991Open Source
9UNIX1971The Open Group
10Android2008Google
11IOS2007Apple

Examples of GUI [Graphical User Interface]

  • Look at the desktop image shown below.
  • In this image, many software and application can be seen.
  • Users can use and access these applications just by double-clicking.
  • These applications can be used and accessed with the help and assistance of a mouse and other pointing devices.
  • The mouse can also be accessed with the help of shortcut keys from the keyboard.
  • The GUI is simple to use and handle and are highly interactive. Therefore it gained popularity compared to NON-GUI operating system.

 What are the GUI Based Operating System

  • Microsoft windows
  • Chrome OS
  • Linux
  • Mac OS
  • UNIX
  • Android
  • Ubuntu

Who Invented GUI?

The first GUI was designed and developed by Alan Kay and Douglas Engelbart at Xerox PARC in 1981.

What Was the First GUI OS?

 Windows 1.0x (released in 1985) is considered the first GUI operating system.

Related Articles

Frequently Asked Questions [FAQs]

Full Form of CUI

CUI stands for Character User Interface

Is GUI faster than CLI?

CLI [Command-Line Interface] is much faster than GUI

Is Linux a GUI?

Yes, UNIX and LINUX operating system are GUI.

Is GUI User Friendly?

GUI is more user friendly than command line Interface.

GUI was Designed in What Year?

The first prototype of GUI was launched in 1979.

Who is the Father of GUI?

Douglas Engelbart is considered as father of GUI.

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