The invention of the computer is considered to be one of the greatest inventions of all time. The modern computer has changed our daily life to some extent. A computer is an integral part of human beings and we can not imagine our lives without the use of a computer.
As there are two sides of the coins there are advantages and disadvantages of computer system in points which we are going to discuss in detail.
We will focus on each and every topic briefly. The computer has reached to every section of human society, from schools to hospitals business organizations, institutions everywhere we cannot imagine our daily life without the use of computers.
The impact of computers on humans is beyond imagination, people use a computer for selling and purchasing goods, online studies (E-Learning ) for searching virtually anything on the web, playing games, watching movies, downloading software's, for business promotions, railways, and airplanes tickets, etc almost everything can be done with the help of computer and the output can be obtained with just a few clicks.
Their uses and study of computers are mandatory for students because of its worldwide use and acceptance.
The computers have made a vital impact on education, students can learn online, and get the required skills and knowledge just sitting at home, the computers have made the distance virtually zero.
Students are getting a higher education, certificates, and degrees from the reputed institutes before they just dreamed of it computer has made their dreams into reality.
Some of the famous saying on computer
“I do not fear computers. I fear lack of them.” — Isaac Asimov
“The computer was born to solve problems that did not exist before.” — Bill Gates
"A computer will do what you tell it to do, but that may be much different from what you had in mind. "
"Computer science really involves the same mindset, particularly artificial intelligence. "
They even had made a significant impact in business, now businessman prefers to use a computer to a huge extent they have made their business life so peaceful that now they can perform multitasking, with almost 100% accuracy, The advantages of computer in research has made the scientist to solve complex to complex problems with ease before would take longs hours or even months to solve.
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Advantages and Disadvantages of Computer
A Brief Discussion on Advantages of Computer Systems
As there are 2 sides of coins there are Advantages and Disadvantages of computers ::
- Stores Huge Amount of Data
- Online Trading
- Online Education | Distance Learning
- Forecasting Weather,and Predicting Earthquakes ,Volcano Eruptions
- Produce Employment
- In Business
The speed of computer has made a vital impact on human society before some decades computer were just used for the purpose of some numerical calculations, but nowadays computers are used in virtually every single part of human life.
The modern computer is not just a calculating device anymore with their speed and accuracy it can perform multiple tasks, operations, and complex numerical problems within fractions of second. They can perform about Trillions of instruction per second.
!!!!! That’s unbelievable Speed!!!!!
"It's hardware that makes a machine fast. It's software that makes a fast machine slow."
People can play songs, perform their documentation work, surf the internet, check emails, search for your requirements on the internet with great speed and accuracy.
The speed is considered as the biggest advantage of computers because it can perform all operations with an incredible speed which can reduce the amount of time spend when working manually.
For Example : It can calculate the salaries of Employees within a fraction of seconds before it would take long hours when done manually by people.
Not only speed but a computer can work with almost 100% accuracy. This is also one of its advantages, as it can perform complex numerical calculations not only with speed but with unbelievable accuracy..
Imagine you have given a task to calculate the gross salary of ten thousand employees with reduction as per the rules and regulations of the organization. That’s not a simple task to calculate the given salaries manually, you are bound to make mistakes and even a small mistake can harm you badly economically.
And now here comes the magic of computers it can perform all the hard work of calculating the salaries of the employees and deduction as per the requirements. You can derive the results at your fingertips within a fraction of seconds when given correct and proper input, with great speed and incredible accuracy.
Hence the big organizations with hundreds of employees working for them use computer-generated bills and payslips. Even in the Government sector, all the manual calculations had been shifted to computers.
Stores Huge Amount of Data
Data storing capabilities of computers these days are “HUGE” as compared to previous years. They can save or store any volume of data or instruction given to them permanently.
Users can recall the data or instructions or information given to them anytime & any place.
The Storing capability of computer is measured in MB (Mega-Bytes), GB (Giga-Bytes), TB (Tera-Bytes)
Railways use modern computer for storing their passenger details, route of trains and even their employee's details.
India has a population of around 125 cr people, 93% of them have received their aadhaar card issued by the Government of India.
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People tend to use computer and internet while purchasing and selling their goods, according to a recent survey more than 50% of people across the world will use computers for their online trading.
Online trading is very simple and time saving, you have a variety of products to choose with the best prices, many websites offer their users a heavy discount. People are more inclined toward online shopping and trading these days due to their simplicity in use.
Online Education | Distance Learning
This is one of the biggest merit or Advantage of computers as students, professionals can get quality education at their fingertips. It is a box full of knowledge and skills.
People use many video sharing websites for learning, go to any video sharing website such as YouTube and search for your favorite topic you will find tons and tons of videos made by users for educational purpose with your desired language.
The students can learn and acquire skills online at their own convenience and pace these platforms provide students digital notes in the form of PDF, PPT, Infographics, and video formats.
By the end of 2025, computer education will be a compulsory subject for every student despite his stream and interest. Many universities, education organizations provide online courses. People are learning new skills, programming languages, cooking, Yoga, meditation, etc on the internet these days. The invention of the Internet is the biggest invention of all time.
In research computer are used as they can solve tedious mathematical and logical calculations with high speed and amazing accuracy. The scientist prefers the use of computer in their experiments because of their usefulness. The results of experiments can be stored in a computer hard disk permanently and can be recalled any time required. With the use of a computer the speed of research increases, therefore, computers are made an integral part of research and development
Forecasting Weather, and Predicting Earthquakes
The Super Computers are used in weather forecasting, predicting earthquakes, volcano eruptions, the scientist predict the time and hence they can save people from these natural disasters. Super computer are also used in defense, space exploration, nuclear energy etc.
The computer produces a great number of jobs per year, people don’t want to work manually anymore as this is tedious, time-consuming, and inaccurate whereas the computer works with unbelievably accuracy and speed and it is very reliable.
In the last few years, the need for computer professionals has reached a different level, every organization, every business needs computer experts, professionals in their unit. The workload of humans has been drastically removed from them thanks to modern-day computers.
The internet has been the most valuable invention of all time. Evolution of the internet has changed the entire human civilization. The internet with its connectivity can help you to connect friends, family members, colleagues living abroad.
You can get quality education, you can buy or purchase goods, surf the net, play songs, download software's, movies, etc This has been considered as the greatest Computer advantage
People use computer in business because of its features of storing volumes of data, multitasking ,performing complex calculation, working more efficiently than humans, it doesn’t have human traits such as envy,jealousy,tiredness, etc. The computer has become a huge contributor in business.
As we discussed before there are two sides of coins so there are advantages and disadvantages of computers. We have gone through with advantages of computer and now we will discuss disadvantages of computers.
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Demerits or Disadvantages of Computer Systems
The Following are the Computer disadvantages ::
- Health Issues.
- Spread of Pornography
- Virus and Hacking Attacks
- Computer Can Not Take Their Own Decision NO IQ
- Negative Effect on Environment
- Crashed Networks
- Computer Can Not Work on Itself
- Spread of Voilence and Hatred
- Online Cyber Crimes
- Data and Information violation
Computer when prolonged used has negative effects on eyes due to radiation emitted by monitors. The eyes get dry resulting in blurry visions, the stress in the eye muscles results in weak eyesight.
One should take some precautionary measures while using a computer for longs hours, taking small breaks while using, washing eyes with water making them wet, relaxing eyes can do a great help.
When computers are used continuously back muscles get harder due to improper sitting positions, neck muscles lose their elasticity, pain in the hands and joints are the primary adverse symptoms seen.
Taking rest in between works can overcome the negative consequences of overworking with computers. Improper digestion is also found in people who work on computers for long and continuous periods.
Spread of Pornography
As the computer range has covered every single individual in the society, children and even grown-up are prone and get involved in pornographic content which many websites offer this day.
This type of content, videos, and images are easily available on the internet, people can easily get access, it's very hard to have control over it, huge numbers of children are addicted to porn videos, porn images, and once they are addicted it is very hard to overcome.
Many social organizations and even the Government find it very difficult to overcome it. and also to stop the spread of pornographic content this is the major & significant disadvantage of computers use. This has been a universal issue for several years.
Virus and Hacking Attacks
Viruses are just computer programs that are designed and developed to harm the computer, steal important information like passwords, pins, and other sensitive information.
Hackers use this program to crack your system down and get unauthorized access to your computer systems, which can damage people economically as well as socially .
One should use legal software, antivirus program, and anti-hacking software while surfing on the net or while online trading which minimizes the hacking and virus attacks.
Data security has been a major concern due to computer viruses and hacking attacks many companies offers services for data security.
Computer Cannot Take Their Own Decision NO IQ
As personal computer [PC] does not have their own IQ they cannot take decisions on their own, which sometimes make our work tedious.
They simply operate when given proper and correct instruction, if computer get wrong or improper instruction the result will be wrong as they do not have logical brains determining true or false.
Negative Effect on Environment
The computer waste and the manufacturing process produce lots of waste .which is harmful to the environment and our society. The used computer or the computer which is in no more use should be donated.
Their waste produce harmful chemicals which pollute our environment and nature, therefore the use of green computer should be applied as it has no adverse effect on the environment and can be recycled.
Computer can be easily connected to each other via “NETWORKING”, It can connect to internet . Imagine you have an office of 25 computers, all of the computers are connected with each other with shared internet.
while all of your employees do different tasks and operations on their respective computers and one day your network goes down or the whole network is crashed. You will come to know that all the computers which are connected to each other stop working and hence less production or no work is done. This is one of the significant Disadvantage of computer occurs frequently when used in a network.
Spread of Violence and Hatred
The spread of violence and hate-related articles can be found easily while surfing the internet. People get in touch with these articles which destroys the thinking process of individuals and we find consequences which are not for the betterment of human society.
Some people who are commonly called “HACKERS OR CRACKER” break down our computer system and get unauthorized access and steals our credit card numbers our passwords and our sensitive information. With this information, they violate all laws and misuse our information for their benefits.
"Computers themselves, and software yet to be developed, will revolutionize the way we learn".
Data and Information violation
Irrespective of many securities our data can be lost due to damaged memory or using spam websites while they inject malicious program Trojan, worm to your computer system which corrupts or even destroys the data available on your systems.
And sometimes this program which is developed by hackers or crackers retrieves your bank details with passwords, credit cards information’s and misuse them.
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In the above Article we have discussed briefly on “Advantages and Disadvantages of Computer”. If you like the article please feel free to like and share with your friends and colleagues and if found any correction in the above article do let me know.... Thanks !!!!