5 Different Types of URLs | What is URL


URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator. A British scientist, Sir Tim Berners-Lee, introduced the URL concept in 1994. To use and access URLs, internet browsers are extensively used. URLs are used to access websites using the Internet. ARPANET was introduced in 1960 which used TCP/IP [Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol] in a computer network with the assistance of the Internet. There are different types of URLs that look similar but with distinct approaches.

What is a URL?

The URLs are used to access websites and applications over the Internet, and they are the means of communications between the users and host.

Every website URL is unique; the URLs of two websites cannot be the same. The URLs are a form of address used by internet browsers to connect and communicate with resources like websites, applications, and email clients.

Modern browsers like Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Safari, Internet Explorer can access websites and software applications / Tools.

The URLs can be case sensitive; therefore, the developer or programmer has to pay attention while coding or developing; moreover, these types of URLs are not SEO-friendly.

Every website on the Internet has a unique IP address [Internet Protocol], which is strictly numerical. For Example, you are reading the website www.chtips.com whose IP address is 172.67.142.38.

When you enter a website name or domain name (I will discuss what is domain name later in the article) in an internet browser like Google Chrome, it converts the domain name into IP address for reaching out for the website or application.

The IP address is difficult to remember, and hence the respected authority found it easier to memorize the name of any website and therefore implemented the strategy!! And it worked !!.

The browser does not understand any website name; it converts to an IP address and later checks on the Internet for faster communication.

5 Different Types of URLs

The URL can be categorized or divided into 5 different types of URLs
  • Dynamic URL
  • Static URL
  • Obfuscated
  • Messy URL
  • Absolute 
  • Relative
Types of URLs
Types of URLs
Dynamic URLs

The dynamic URLs are created using programming languages like PHP, JAVA, and Python.

The URLs are not easy to read and remember; also, they are complicated due to some alphanumeric characters and symbols.

These types of URLs are not SEO-friendly, according to Google.

For Example

https://www.chtips.com/?id=123abc

Static URLs

The static URLs are never changed; they are hardcoded during programming or coding. These URLs are generally found on static websites that are hardly altered or updated.

For Example.

  • https://www.chtips.com/disclaimer
  • https://www.chtips.com/terms-of-use/
  • https://www.chtips.com/privacy-policy/
Obfuscated URLs

These URLs are deceiving, created by spammers and hackers to trick users into entering sensitive personal information like name, address, contact no email, and credit/ debit card details.

After receiving this important information, these spammers misuse your data for their benefit.

These URLs are generally spread over email bombardment and are commonly known as “Phishing Attacks”, and the websites are called “Phishing Websites”.

These URLs contain malicious programs designed, developed, and programmed to corrupt and damage your computer system.

To avoid these malicious programs entering your computer system 

Secure Socket Layer (SSL) was started by Taher Elgamal, an Egyptian cryptographer who was a scientist at Netscape Corporation, a famous organization of its time that helped our computer system's security immensely.
Messy URL / Unpleasant URLs

These URLs are pretty long, filled with characters, numbers, and digits that are hard to write and memorize, similar to dynamic URLs.

For Examples

https://www.chtips.com/computer-fundamentals/[email protected]#[email protected]#

Absolute URL

The absolute URLs are very pretty with all the important attributes of a good URL like the hostname, protocol, www, domain name, TLD or domain code.

This URL contains all the necessary information like files, folders, images, videos, etc. This URL is self-sufficient to fetch the data and information from the server using a modern browser.

Relative URL

These types of URLs are more compact than absolute URLs. They contain folder names and file names to use and access over the Internet.

3 Different Parts of URL Address

The different parts of the URL are mentioned below 

  • Protocol
  • Domain
  • Subdomain
  • Domain Code or TLDs
  • Category or Directory
  • www
Different Parts of URL
Different Parts of URL
Protocol

There are two types of protocol 

  • HTTP (Insecure)
  • HTTPS (Secured)
HTTP {Hyper Text Transfer Protocol}

In 1989, Tim Berners-Lee started the initiation of HTTP at CERN. HTTP is considered to be an insecure protocol version.

http_unsecured
http_unsecured

The HTTP version does not secure websites and applications as SSL {Secure Socket Layer} is not used and utilized.

The SSL works as an intermediate between the host and the user also encrypt sensitive data and information from hackers and crackers.

HTTPS {Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secured}

HTTPS is known as Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure, a combination of HTTP and SSL with TSL (Transport Layer Security).

The HTTPS version uses SSL, which is responsible for the additional layer of security which prevents websites and web applications from unauthorized access and for spammers and hackers.

Secured HTTPS
Secured HTTPS

In HTTPS connections, data and information is encrypted using cryptography which is very difficult to decrypt.

 Hackers find it very difficult to steal and misuse your personal and sensitive information, which is very much secured and cannot be misused.

Domain Name |TLDs

The Domain name is the website’s name that is used to open and access using modern browsers like Chrome, Firefox, Safari, etc.

The domain names are unique and different for each website and web application.

Sub Domain

Web hosting companies offer users to create a subdomain of user’s choice. For Example,

https://www.tutorials.chtips.com/ is a subdomain created on domain https://www.chtips.com/.

The number of subdomain users can create entirely depends upon the allotted quota by the hosting provider.

Subdomains are very handy while creating web applications and websites used for testing purposes.

Domain Code or TLDs

There are numerous domain codes or TLDs {Top Level Domain} available some of them are mentioned below.

  • .com {Commercial}
  • .org {Organization}
  • .in {India Country Specific Domain}
  • .net {Network}
  • .gov {Government}
  • .edu {Education}
Category or Directory

For Example, the category or directory is any website or web application’s internal structure.

  • https://www.chtips.com/computer-fundamentals
  • https://www.chtips.com/full-forms

In the above examples, computer-fundamentals and full-forms are the directories created on the domain name www.chtips.com.

WWW

The WWW stands for World Wide Web. It is denoted as the standard information system.

10 Examples of Website URLs

#Webiste Name
1https://www.google.com/
2https://www.Yahoo.com/
3https://www.Instagram.com/
4https://www.Twitter.com/
5https://www.wikipedia.com/
6https://www.facebook.com/
7https://www.bing.com/
8https://www.wikihow.com/
9https://www.geeksforgeeks.com/
10https://www.w3schools.com/

4 Components of URL

  • Scheme
  • Host
  • Path
  • Query String
Related Articles

What Is The Full Form of URL

The Full Form of URL is Uniform Resource Locator.

Frequently Asked Questions [FAQs]

What is the hostname in the URL?

The hostname of the URL is a USV string containing the domain name of the URL.

Is URL a Web Address?

Yes, Url is a web address used to access any website or application.

Does URL impact Search Engine Ranking?

Google consider URL as a ranking factor.

What is an Example of a URL?

www.Example.com

Get In Touch

I have also written and compiled some articles on computers and telecommunications, and please go through them.

I hope you will like reading it.

I hope that all the questions and queries related to 5 Different Types of URLs and URL Meaning have been answered here.

Don’t hesitate to contact me, and if you need to add, remove, or update anything from the article, please let me know in the comment section or via email.

I will be more than happy to update the article. I am always ready to correct myself.

I was hoping you could share this article with your friends and colleagues; this motivates me to write more on the related topics.

!!! Thank You !!!


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