5 Functions of Software in Computer Systems

Introduction to Functions of Software

The functions of software in a computer system consist of compilation, execution, and maintenance. The software functions are related to computers’ performance, ability, and usability.

Some of the computer functions are included below
  1. Processing data
  2. It serves as an interface between devices and users.
  3. Delivering content.
  4. Performing tasks like accounting, banking and bookkeeping.
  5. It can automate the tasks and operations given to them.

The functions of software are the task and operations performed by computers on behalf of humans.

Some tasks are like running programs and working with spreadsheets and databases.

For Example: To obtain a softcopy printout, you need a printer plus an application software that is mandatory to perform this operation.

Different Types of Software

Three different types of software are mentioned below.
  1. System Software
  2. Application Software
  3. Utility Software
Types of Computer Software
Different Types of Software

5 Functions of Software in Computer

The 5 functions of software in computers in points are mentioned below.
  1. Computer software can work with machine language and high-level language.
  2. To store and retrieve data from your computer’s hard drive.
  3. Application software also helps us to surf the internet, send mail, and create documents using spreadsheets, database management systems, and word processors.
  4. The most important role of application software is to make your computer easier and more efficient.
  5. The software helps businesses grow and prosper and empowers individuals with new opportunities.
  6. System software uses a compiler and interpreter for better functionality and usability.
5 Functions of Software in Computer
5 Functions of Software in Computer

Difference Between Hardware and Software

1Computer hardware is manufactured.Computer software is designed and developed by software engineers.
2Hardware is physical quantities that can be touched.The software can be used and utilized but can not be touched.
3Physical damage occurs to computer hardware devices.Software is not corrupted or damaged due to physical damage.
4Computer viruses do not harm hardware devices.The software can be corrupted by virus infection.
5The hardware is the physical part of your computerThe software is everything that runs on top of the hardware
6Ex: Mouse, Keyboard, Monitor, CPU, Motherboard, Hard Disk Drives, etc.Ex: MS Office, Tally, Photoshop, PageMaker, CorelDraw, etc.

Different Types of System Software

  • Translators
  • Device Drivers
  • Utility Programs
  • Operating System
Types of System Software
Types of System Software

Software Parts of Computer

  1. Application Programs.
  2. Device Drivers.
  3. Operating System.
  4. Root-User Processes.

Different Types of Application Software

  • Word Processing Software.
  • Accounting Software.
  • Database Software.
  • Accounting Software.
  • Designing Software.
  • Educational | Learning Software.
  • Multimedia Software.

Useful Video: Functions of Software

Functions of Software PDF Download


Functions of Software in Table Form

1Software is capable of storing, retrieving, and updating data and information.
2It can convert high-level language into machine-level languages for better functionality and understanding.
3Software is used for surfing the internet, sending mail, and creating documents using spreadsheets, database management systems, and word processors.
4System software uses a compiler and interpreter for better functionality and usability.
5The software acts as a bridge between the user and the computer.

Functions of Software Testing

Software testing is one of the most important parts of any development process, and it can help ensure that your code works as expected and is stable enough to ship.

But it also plays a crucial role in ensuring your product meets its design goals, end-user expectations, and business needs.

The functions of software testing can be categorized into two distinct types.
  1. Functional Testing.
  2. Non- Functional Testing.

Software testing is the process of evaluating software products and systems.

Testing ensures the product works as expected and will continue working as expected in future iterations or releases.

The main function of software testing is to ensure the product meets the customer’s needs, requirements and expectations.

Software testing is one of the essential parts of software design and development.

The software tester helps to find bugs or problems in software applications and programs. Software testing also covers the issues that may arise before the user.

They also pin out the possible errors and bugs in the existing code contents.

#1. Functional Testing.

Functional Testing is a type of Testing that finds out whether any feature is working according to the requirement.

It also tests every function in the software applications.

#2. Non- Functional Testing.

Non-functional Testing is a type of Testing that mainly checks non-functional parts of any software or applications.

It is performed after the functional Testing.

5 Functions of Application Software in Points

  1. Computers are very useful due to their use and utilization of applications software. Applications software allows us to create documents, play games, watch movies and surf the internet.
  2. Data analysis is one of the important functions of application software.
  3. Data Management (Data Science & Analytics).
  4. Data Visualization.
  5. Security (End-to-end security solutions) and communications.

7 Functions of System Software

System software is an essential element of a computer system that manages and controls computer hardware to run and execute application software for better functionality and enhanced performance.

The application software helps and assists the user in completing their tasks | and jobs with speed and accuracy, eventually reducing time and effort.

System software is the backbone of any computer system interacting with hardware and application software for effective working.

There are some critical functions of system software that are mentioned below.
  1. Operating System.
  2. Device Drivers.
  3. Bootloader.
  4. Language Translators.
  5. Memory Management.
  6. Networking and Communication.
  7. Antivirus and Malware Removal Software.
Functions of System Software
Functions of System Software

1. Operating System.

The operating system is considered the most used software for any computer system.

The operating system can manage disk, memory, file and device. Microsoft Corporation is the leading giant in developing operating systems.

Some of the popular operating System is.
  1. Microsoft Windows 10.
  2. Android.
  3. IOS.
  4. Mac.

2. Device Drivers.

Device drivers are software for running hardware devices like sound cards, displays, ethernet, printers and modems.

System software helps these device drivers to communicate with computer systems [Hardware].

3. Bootloader.

Bootloader is an application that is necessary for computer booting and startup. Bootloader helps and assists the Operating System in loading inside the memory.

4. Language Translators.

The computer system does not understand any languages. They are designed and developed to understand and execute computer language.

They are responsible for converting high-level programming languages, such as PHP, C, C++, etc., into machine-level language easily understood by computer machines.

Compilers, interpreters, and assemblers are included as translators.

5. Memory Management.

System software like operating systems can manage memory for better processing, enhanced performance and system optimization.

6. Networking and Communication.

System software is vital in computer networking, where several computers can be connected for data sharing and information.

Using Internet communication can be easily achieved.

7. Antivirus and Malware Removal Software.

Computer viruses and malware can be easily removed with the help of legal Antivirus and Malware Removal Software.

10 Types of Software in Computer

  1. System Software
  2. Application Software
  3. Utility Software
  4. Programming Software
  5. Spreadsheets Software
  6. Word Processor
  7. Driver Software
  8. Multimedia Software
  9. Email Software
  10. Database Software
10 Types of Software
10 Types of Software in Computer

10 Functions of an Operating System

There are significant functions of operating system [OS] that are mentioned below.
  1. Memory Management.
  2. Processor Management.
  3. File Management.
  4. Device Management.
  5. Security and Access Control.
  6. User Interface.
  7. Task Scheduling.
  8. Networking.
  9. Error Detection.
  10. Resource Allocation.

10 Uses of Application Software

  1. Using and handling data | information.
  2. Used and utilized in entertainment.
  3. The data received is accurate and can be further processed.
  4. Application software is used in data handling and processing.
  5. They are used in graphics and animations.
  6. Application software is also used in programming.
  7. Spread Sheets and Word Processors are used for better performance and productivity.
  8. Data and information can be stored in the database, which is an application software.
  9. Web Browsers are used for research and online surfing.
  10. Messaging and chatting can be done using application software.

5 Advantages of Software

  1. Simple to Use and Handle.
  2. Increase Productivity.
  3. Data Security.
  4. Automatic Tasks.
  5. Safe and Secure.

Different Types of Hardware

There are various types of hardware devices. 10 major hardware devices are mentioned below.
Types of Hardware
Types of Hardware
  1. Central Processing Unit [CPU].
  2. Motherboard.
  3. Random Access Memory [RAM]
  4. Hard Disk Drive.
  5. Cabinet.
  6. Keyboard.
  7. Mouse.
  8. Monitor.
  9. Printer.
  10. Switching Mode Power Supply [SMPS].
Recommended Reading

What is the 5 Example of Software?

  1. Graphics Software.
  2. Web Browsers.
  3. Media Players.
  4. Database.
  5. Image Editors.

Frequently Asked Questions on [Software Functions]

What are the three types of system software?

The three types of system software are Operating System, Device Drivers, and Translator.

What are the two main types of software?

System Software and Application Software.

Who is the father of software engineering?

Watts S. Humphrey (July 4, 1927 – October 28, 2010) is called the “Father of Software Engineering”.

Who wrote the first software?

Ada Lovelace wrote the first computer program in the world.

What was the first software language?

FORTRAN was the first computer programming language that was widely used.

Who is the first lady software engineer?

Margaret Hamilton.

What are five software examples?

VLC Player.

What are the three functions of software?

1. Processing and handling data
2. Acts as bridge between user and system.
3. Delivering content.

What are the 4 types of computer software?

1. Application Software.
2. System Software.
3. Programming Software.
4. Device Drives and Firmware.

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