What is the Password: The Computer Passwords are nothing but a series of character which is used to prevent from unauthorized access to computer system and networks.
People use computer password which is also called as PWD for avoiding unwanted access to their personal data or information which has been stored or saved in computer memory [Hard Disk Drives].
The computer password may vary from 6 characters to 64 characters entirely depending upon the system where you are entering user’s secret key which in other term called a password. People must use uppercase,
lowercase digits, and special symbols to create a strong password which would be very hard to break.
Lets us talk about windows administrative passwords this are the PWD which secures unwanted access to the operating system hence avoid manipulations and stealing of your sensitive information from unwanted users.
Hence to avoid this kind of situation one must secure their computer system and network with password feature enabled.
Now let’s talk about bios or CMOS password this computer utility program has all the features and almost all the system configuration information stored inside them and imagine if it goes to someone who has the access can change the sensitive information and eventually can damage your boot process and another setting which is important for proper computer functionality.
Therefore it is highly recommended to secure your bios configuration with a strong password.
All the motherboard manufacturer provides us with the bios utility program you just need to press some special keys to enter CMOS or bios configuration.
Some of the special keys are f1, f2, f10, Del, and so on to know about your special key kindly refer to your motherboard manual.
Also Read ::
- What is Operating System and Its Different Types
- What is Dos Operating System
- How to Reset BIOS Password
- How to Install Windows 7 From USB Pendrive
- How to Install Windows 8 From USB Pendrive
Different Types of Passwords?
The Computer password is used in distinguishing and authenticating a user if the user has the correct secret key or password it allows them to access the computer system or network and likewise if the users don’t come with correct password it Denys the user to access the computer system or network.
This is the privilege computer offers us which is very handy in terms of securing your personal and valuable information which is stored in computer memory.
There are different types of computer password let us discuss a few of them.
- CMOS | BIOS
- Administrative Password [Operating System PWD]
- Web Passwords
Let us discuss them one by one. CMOS | BIOS Passwords:: These are the PWD which are generally stored in the CMOS battery which is called a complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor which is a small circular-shaped cell that allows storing passwords, date, time all the information stored in the CMOS utility program.
This is a lithium cell with 3.5-volt storage capacity installed inside a connector on the computer motherboard. If the CMOS battery is damaged it would not store any information given to it using bios programs.
Users generally have to enter a key from the keyboard to access the bios program which has all the features to change the system configuration suited to our need.
In the BIOS utility program there are certain features where you can add a password to the computer system, change the boot order of the computer, select boot devices, and so on.
You must create a CMOS or bios password to secure your sensitive information from unauthorized access and help the system to work to its full potential.
Administrative Password [Operating System PWD]:: These types of the password are stored in computer memory that is computer hard disk drives to avoid access to unwanted users.
This password generally used to prevent the operating system to load fully without one enters the correct secret key.
If you don’t have the correct password or secret key you will be not allowed to access the computer system whether it be a host or in a computer network.
This PWD secures all your sensitive information stored in computer hard disk like credit card details, personal information which you would not share with anyone, personal photographs and so on.
To create an Administrative password follow the given steps.
Step 1: Go to the control panel by clicking on the start button.
Step 2: Click on user accounts and family safety.
Step 3: click on change your windows password.
Step 4: click on create a password for your account
Step 5: Enter your desired password and confirm the password…done.
Web passwords:: Web password is used when working online for example before using any email program you first have to register on the website or application you have to provide them your credentials like name, last name desired username, and password.
These usernames and passwords act like your online identity.
Almost every application nowadays asks for registration to know one’s identify that you are a real person using their software or applications services.
Some software developer has developed robotics programs which have spammed their services with fake accounts and illegal activities have been observed while using their services.
Also Read ::
- What is a Computer
- Different Types of Computer
- Advantages and Disadvantages of Computer
- Basic Block Diagram of Computer
- Characteristics of Computer
Strong vs Weak passwords
What are strong passwords?
Strong passwords can be defined as PWD’s which are hard to break or guess. These passwords are created with the combinations of characters, digits, and special symbols.
For Example= [email protected] is a strong password that is very difficult to guess and crack.
It is highly recommended that you must use space inside your password string that even makes it double to crack.
You can also use uppercase and a lowercase letter for creating more advanced or strong passwords which would be highly difficult to crack by humans and computer programs.
You must be extra careful while creating a PWD has some of the computer hackers with computer programs and tools will try to hack your passwords.
What are weak Passwords? Weak passwords are very easy to break and guess like some people use their names, birthdates, spouse name, children name, or even their mobile numbers as PWD.
For Example= John, 12-12-1990 and so on If you are using such passwords it is highly recommended that you change your passwords as soon as possible.