Characteristics and Features of Second Generation Computer

Characteristics of Second Generation Computer

The Second Generation Computer System Uses Transistor for enhanced performance. They Use punch cards for inputs and printouts for outputs. They reduced all operational time required for processing and handling any tasks and jobs. They were equipped to establish a connection between devices. The magnetic core technology is used for data and information storage. They consume less heat and energy. They are quite inexpensive. They require AC.

Advantages of Second Generation Computer

They use transistors, which is far more advanced technology than the first generation of computers. They use magnetic tapes and magnetic drums for storage. For input, punch cards are used. This computer uses assembly language. They are small and hence need space for installation.

Disadvantages of Second Generation Computer

It needs an air conditioner Prone to hardware failure, there needed huge maintenance. Punch cards were slow to operate and hence made a significant impact on the speed, They were cheaper than first-generation computers but still very expensive and were not that affordable.

Examples of Second Generation Computer

Second Generation Computer Was Based On

The second-generation computer was based on a transistor that replaced vacuum tubes.

Features of Second Generation Computer System

What are the Second Generation Computer

The second-generation timeline is from 1954 to 1962This second (2nd) generation of computer transistors was predominantly used and utilized for better results. Three physicians named John Bardeen, Walter Brattain and William Shockley  invented the transistor at Bell Laboratories in Murray Hill, New Jersey, in 1947.

Features of Second Generation Computer System

The second-generation computer was based on transistors rather than vacuum tubes. This is considered to be the main feature of the second-generation computer system. They are quite reliable and user friendly. They can use and process assembly and high-level languages like FORTRAN and COBOL. They produce less amounts of heat and energy. They are smart and faster than 1st generation of the computer system. As they produce heat and energy, they require Air conditioner for better cooling and performance.

For More Information Click Here