Computer Generations has reached a different height with the use of a computer the task which looked difficult before are made simpler by the use of a computer as there are advantages and disadvantages of Computers. We will focus on each and every topic briefly. The computer has reached to every section of human society, from schools to hospitals business organizations, institutions everywhere we cannot imagine our daily life without the use of computers.
The impact of PC on humans are huge, people use the computer for selling and purchasing goods, online studies (E-Learning ) for searching virtually anything on the web, playing videos, for business promotions, railways and airplanes tickets you name it and it could be found on your fingertips by using a computer with internet. There use has been made must for students because of its World-wide use and acceptance.
Computers have made a vital impact on education, students can learn online, and get require skills and knowledge just sitting at home, the computers have made the distance virtually zero. Students are getting a higher education, certificates and degrees from the reputed institute, before they just dreamed of it computer has made their dreams into reality.
They even had made a significant impact in business, now businessman prefers to use computer to a huge extent they have made their business life so peaceful that now they can do multitasking, with almost 100% accuracy, The advantages of computer in research had made the scientist to solve complex to complex problems with ease before would take longs hours or even months to solve.
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Advantages and Disadvantages of Computer
A Brief Discussion on Advantages of Computer Systems
As there are 2 sides of coins there are Advantages and Disadvantages of computers ::
- Stores huge amount of data
- Online trading
- Online education | Distance Learning
- Forecasting weather,and predicting earthquakes ,volcano eruptions
- Produce Employement
- In Business
The speed of computer has made a vital impact on human society before computers was just used for some numerical calculations, but nowadays computers are used in virtually every single part of human living. The computer is not just a calculating device anymore, with the use of its speed computer can perform multiple task, multiple operations, complex numerical problems within a fraction of second. They can perform about Trillions of instruction per second..!!!!! That’s unbelievable Speed!!!!!
People can play songs, do their documentation work, surf the internet, check mails, search for something on the internet or in the Computer memory with speed and accuracy.
The speed is considered as the biggest advantage of computers because it can perform all operations with an incredible speed which can reduce the amount of time spend when working manually.
For Example:: It can calculated the salaries of Employees within fraction of seconds before it would take long hours when done manually by people.
Not only speed but a computer can work with almost 100% accuracy.This is also one of its advantages, as it can perform complex numerical calculation not only with speed and with accuracy. Imagine you have given a task to calculate the gross salary of ten thousand employees with a deduction in the salaries as per the rules and regulation. That’s not a simple task to calculate the given salaries manually, you are bound to make mistakes and even a small mistake can harm you badly.
And now here comes the magic of computers it can do all the hard work of calculating the salaries of the employees and deduction as needs.You can obtain the results at your fingertips within a fraction of seconds when given a correct or proper input, with great speed and incredible accuracy. Hence the big organizations with hundreds of employees working for them use computer generated bills and pay slips. Even in the Government sector, all the manual calculations had been shifted to computers.
Stores Huge Amount of Data
Data storing capabilities of computers these days are “HUGE” as compared to previous years. They can save or store any volume of data or instruction given to them permanently. Users can recall the data or instructions or information given to them anytime & any place as quickly as you can imagine.
The Storing capability of computer is measured in MB (Mega-Bytes), GB (Giga-Bytes), TB (Tera-Bytes)
Railways use the computer for storing their passenger details, route of trains and even their employee's details.
India has a population of around 125cr people, 93% of them have received their adhaar card issued by the Government of India.
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People tend to use computer and internet while purchasing and selling their goods, according to a recent survey more than 50% of people across the world will use computers for their online trading.
Online trading has been made such an easy and time saving, you have a variety of products with best prices, many websites offer their users heavy discount. People found to be keen on using a computer for their online trading.
Online Education | Distance Learning
This is one of the biggest merit or Advantage of computers as students, professionals can get a quality education at their fingertips. It is a box full of knowledge and skills. People use many video sharing websites for learning, go to any video sharing website such as youtube.com and search for your favorite topic you will find tons and tons of videos made by users for educational purpose and also you can find the videos in your own languages.
By the end of 2020, the computer education will become obsolete.The days have been started has many universities, education institutes provide online courses. People are learning new languages, programming, development etc on the internet these days. The invention of the Internet is the biggest invention of all time.
Take any field in research you will find a use of a computer in them, the computers are must, they can solve tedious mathematically calculations, save or store huge data and present the data whenever required, Scientist uses computer, and they have been an integral part of their research process.
Forecasting Weather, and Predicting Earthquakes
Super computers are used in weather forecasting, predicting earthquakes, volcano eruptions, the scientist predict the time and hence they can save people from these natural disasters. Super computerare also used in defence, space exploration, nuclear energy etc.
Computer produces great amount of jobs per year, people don’t want to work manually anymore as this is tedious, time-consuming, and inaccurate whereas the computer works with unbelievably accuracy and speed and are reliable. From last few years, the need of computer professionals has reached to a different level, every organization, every business needs computer experts, professionals in their unit. The workload of humans has been drastically removed from them by using computers.
The internet has been the most valuable invention of all time. Evolution of internet has changed the entire human civilization with the connectivity internet has provided you can reach to every place in the world, you can have a video chat with your friends, family and loved ones living abroad using the internet. You can get quality education, you can buy or purchase goods, surf the net, play songs, download software's, movies etc This has been considered as the greatest Computer advantage
People use computer in business because of its features of storing volumes of data, multitasking ,doing complex calculation, working more efficiently than humans, it doesn’t have human traits such as envy,jealousy,tiredness. The computer has become a huge contributor in business.
As we discussed before there are two sides of coins so there are advantage and disadvantages of computers. We have gone through with advantages of computer and now we will discuss disadvantages of computers.
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Demerits or Disadvantages of Computer Systems
The Following are the Computer disadvantages ::
- Health Issues.
- Spread of pornography
- Virus and hacking attacks
- Computer can not take their own decision NO IQ
- Negative effect on Environment
- Crashed networks
- Computer can not work on itself
- Spread of violence,hatred
- Online Cyber Crimes
- Data and Information violation
PC When prolonged used has negative effects on eyes due to radiation emitted by monitors.The eyes get dry resulting blurry visions, stress in the eye muscles, weak eyes. One should take some precautionary measures while using computer for longs hours, taking small breaks while using, washing eyes with water making them wet, relaxing eyes can do a great help.
When used continuously back muscles get harder due to improper sitting positions, neck muscles lose their elasticity, pain in the hands and joints are the primary adverse symptoms of computer use. Avoiding or taking rest in between works can overcome the negative consequences of overworking with computers. Improper digestion is also found in people who work on PC for long and continuous periods.
Spread of Pornography
As the PC’s range has covered every single individual in the society, children and even grown up are prone and get involved in pornographic content which many websites offer this day. This sort of content, videos and images are easily available on internet, people can easily get access, its very hard to have control over it, huge numbers of children are addicted to porn videos, porn images, and once they are addicted it is very hard to overcome.
Many social organizations and even Government find it very difficult to overcome it.and stop the spread of pornographic content this is the major & significant disadvantage of computers use. This has been a universal issue for several years.
Virus and hacking attacks
Virus are just computer programs which are designed and developed to harm the computer,steal important information like passwords,pins and other sensitive information. Hackers use this program to crack your system down and get unauthorized access to your computer systems, which can damage people economically as well as socially .
One should use legal software, antivirus program, and anti-hacking software while surfing on the net or while online trading which minimizes the hacking and virus attacks. Data security has been a major concern due to computer viruses and hacking attacks many companies offers services for data security.
Computer cannot take their own decision NO IQ
As PC does not have their own IQ they cannot take decisions on their own, which sometimes make our work tedious then it looks They simply operate when given proper and correct instruction, if computer get wrong or improper instruction the result will be wrong as they do not have logical brains determining true or false.
Negative effect on Environment
The computer waste and the manufacturing process produce lots of waste .which is harmful to the environment and our society. The used computer or the computer which is in no more use should be donated.There waste produce harmful chemicals which pollute our environment and nature, therefore use of green computer should be applied as it has no adverse effect on environment and can be recycled.
Computer can be easily connected to each other via “NETWORKING”, It can connect to internet . Imagine you have an office of 25 computers, all of the computers are connected with each other with shared internet.while all of your employees do different works on their respective computers and one day your network goes down or the whole network is crashed .you will find that all the computer which are connected to each other stop working and hence less production or no work is found.This is one of the significant Disadvantage of computer occurs frequently when used in a network.
Spread of violence and hatred
The spread of violence and hate-related articles can be found easily while surfing the internet. People get in touch with this articles which destroys the thinking process of individuals and we find consequences which are not for the betterment of human society.
Some people which are commonly called as “HACKERS OR CRACKER” break down our computer system and get unauthorized access and steals our credit card numbers our passwords and our sensitive information. With this information, they violate all laws and misuse our information of their benefits.
Data and Information violation
Irrespective of many securities our data can be lost due to damaged memory or using spam websites while they inject malicious program Trojan, worm to your computer system which corrupts or even destroys the data available on your systems.
And sometimes this program which is developed by hackers or crackers retrieves your bank details with passwords, credit cards information’s and misuse them.
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